new india

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Syllabus: General Studies Essay Paper: 




“Excellence is the gradual result of always striving to do better. “ 

The history of the nation gives a glimpse into the magnanimity of its evolution – India  from a Country reeling under colonialism, to one of the leading economies in the global scenario within a span of seventy years.  It has been seventy one  years since India became independent democratic country. An independent India was bequeathed a shattered economy, widespread illiteracy and shocking poverty. Colonial rule left a poverty ridden India marred by challenges like communalism, casteism etc.

At the time of Independence, the economy of our country was poor. The Indian Government had to plan for balanced economic growth and development of a huge country. The removal of poverty, illiteracy and industrial and technological underdevelopment was the most important challenges before the country. To turn the tides into its favour new India marked by paradigm shifts in various spheres is moving towards India of dreams, and pursuit of excellence is an important part of this process.

Excellence as per Dr Kalam can lead India ahead of other nations. He also said that “When people perform, the nation performs”. We should not allow any religion or any individual fanatic to endanger our nation. Because the nation is more important that any individual or party or religion. New India in pursuit of excellence is moving towards making  country a developed one.

Education equality and excellence will drive stronger economy.

Pulling itself out from widespread illiteracy, India has managed to bring its education system at par with the global standard. The number of schools witnessed a dramatic increase during the post-independence era. The Parliament made elementary education a fundamental right for children in the age group of 6-14 years by passing the 86th amendment to the Constitution in 2002. At independence, India’s literacy rate was a paltry 12.2 % which increased to 74.04% .

The Samagra Shiksha Scheme was launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) in 2018, in view of improving the quality of education at school level in India. It is an overarching program which will incorporate digital technology and introduce skill development in the school education system. The scheme unifies the elements of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE) to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class 12 levels.

Lot more needs to be done in India with respect to primary and higher education. We must produce quality students, teachers, scientists, doctors, sportspersons, dancers etc. We must work harder to bring our universities among the top ones at international level. Our educational institutions should be capable of identifying and enhancing the talent of our children and youth.


Pursuit of excellence in social development.

India is making strides in the world as a nation with encouraging developments in scientific, economic and technological fields, but as far as social developments are concerned it is still one of the lowest ranked countries of the world. 

Poverty, child labour, gender inequality, sexual harassment, human trafficking are the major social issues in india.

New India is a believer of a woman’s strength. The one who gives life is close to the creator itself. Unfortunately our patriarchal society keeps abusing this strength. Violence against women is a burning problem, and New India aims at fighting for it with all its might.  Pursuit of excellence in sociological paradigm is seen measures for empowerment of women, gender equality in society, reservations to backward class people, providing basic necessities to below poverty line people.

 Beti Bachao Beti Padhao.this scheme focuses on challenging mindset and deep rooted patriarchy in the societal system. For the  survival, protection and empowerment of the girl child, Government has announced Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative. Schemes like sukanya samridhhi yojana ,which is launched by government to encourage parents to stop gender discrimination and has increased  infant mortality rate.

The youth today is excelling in fields of sports, business societal transformation etc. Women players like PV Sindhu, Saina Nehwal etc. have made India proud at the world level in sports. We need to provide best training to our sportspersons so that they can outshine others at all global sports events. Khel India initiative by the Government is a step in that direction to capture sports talent at young age and prepare them for future.

Many Self help groups and NGO  and government initiated ASHA group workers  are working towards creating social awareness of equalities and health issues. Recent judgement of temple entry to women in sabarimala is a proven achievement in solving issues of century old religious practices. All this has led to reducing inequalities (SDG-8) and excellence in economic sphere. 


Pursuit of excellence in economy aspect.

Excellence in economy will trickle down if it is inclusive and concerns with even the last man standing in the last row. Reduction in hunger , poverty and inequalities requires excellence in fields like Skill India, Digital India ,and Make in India- ease of doing business. These schemes not only create productive jobs intern can  reduces poverty level ,and accounts for economic growth. Recent economic reforms like GST, demonetization, Solving NPA crisis will increases India’s potential to harness demographic dividend.

Pursuit of excellence in political aspect.

In India Issues with respect to political aspect included, weeding out corruption, criminalization of politics, electoral reforms, improving parliamentary functions, eradicating terrorism, and inefficient bureaucracy.

Pursuit of excellence in political sphere is manifesting in federalism, minimum government and maximum governance, with the help of initiatives like E- governance, and digital platform like “myGov” to provide transparency in administration, steps to reduce corruption. Electoral reforms like ‘NOTA’ which encourages individual opinions. This will create a transparency and rule of law and integrity to improve new India.

New India with pursuit of excellence in ecology and environment.

Climate change, global warming, deforestation are posing a major threat to human life on earth.

India’s effort for sustainable environment  include  INDCs , paris deal and Crop diversification programme under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and Bringing Green Revolution,  pledge to bulid sustainable cities responsible consumption and production.

Under Swachh Bharat Mission, which is directly linked to a sustainable future, over 85 million households now have access to toilets for the first time. Over 400 million Indians no longer have to defecate in the open. Sanitation coverage is up from 39 per cent to 95 per cent. These are landmark efforts in the quest of reducing the strain on our natural surroundings. The Namami Gange Mission is changing the historical wrong done to our rivers. Emphasis is being given to proper treatment of sewage. The over 13 crore soil health cards distributed to farmers are helping them make informed decisions that will boost their productivity and improve the health of our land, which helps the coming generations. There has been integration of the objectives of Skill India in the environment sector and launched schemes including the Green Skill Development Programme for skilling about 7 million youth in environment, forestry, wildlife and climate change sectors by 2021. India remained at the forefront of the COP-21 negotiations in Paris in 2015. India’s forest cover had increased by nearly 5% between 1997 and 2007 with a small decrease since then. 

In March 2018, world leaders of several countries converged in New Delhi to mark the start of the International Solar Alliance, an endeavour to harness the rich potential of solar energy and bring together all nations that are blessed with solar power.


New India pursuit to excellence in psychological growth.

The global happiness index ranked India 122, this proves the increasing depression and suicides in the society.

The new India’s pursuit to excellence here is seen in National Health Protection Scheme Ayushman Bharat scheme, which focuses on wellness, rehabilitation and health insurance coverage  to poor families. this scheme is applicable to all the society people like transgender, disables, which makes clear that India is aiming for development as a whole not just a part.


New India pursuit of excellence can be evidently seen in the areas of innovation, industrialization, infrastructure creation. this excellence pursuit reflects in India’s global partnership for enhancing development and peace, example of this can be seen in new India positive role in Afghanistan and Africa and free open Indian pacific ocean on other side.

A new India, symbolized by information technology and its possibilities, can also be seen evolving in other sectors such as automobiles, chemicals and telecom. Indeed, innovation has rapidly acquired a status of a business concept, which is not only allowing previously timorous Indian firms to go global, but also persuading previously imperious global firms to move into India.

New India’s pursuit of excellence in diplomacy has earned its strategic proveness and global attention. Now the question arises is this pursuit of excellence is reflected in common man’s life? Is it able to solve all the challenges that India was having after independence?

The only answer to these questions is new India’s changed paradigm hasn’t been able to counterpart poverty, casteism. It has not found out sustainable solution to issue of unemployment. this has also been lagged to counterpart the corruption from root. And problem of terrorism still persist. And environmental challenges are still an issue.

This is not because of failure of ideas of new India pursuit of excellence. all these problems are deep rooted , hence require time and continuous effort to excel in these issues. new India or sankalp se siddi is not a pledge or paradigm shift , it is a vision towards building new and better India for tomorrow.

Excellence forms core part of new India as Dr. Kalam said, a nation can excel only if its citizen can excel individually. new India’s excellence is a novel idea that needs to be nourished , nurtured by each and every one. Youth play an important role in making this vision come true. Young people possess energy, but it should be channelized in the right direction. It is on the shoulders of the young that the future of the country rests because they represent new values, new thinking and the new ways of life. Political freedom gives duties as well in responsibilities. These are more important as the case of India because we want to be free from poverty, disease and all types of divisive forces.  The young in India can seize the opportunities for doing something for the country. So they will give new enthusiasm and energy to carry forward the programme which has been chalked out for the country.

– Akshat Koushal, AIR 55


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