General Studies Paper 4 (Ethics): Happiness


IAS Junior Mains Answer Writing June-Sep 2019 Schedule (Click Here)


Syllabus: General Studies Paper 4 (Ethics)


In your opinion what is the source of happiness? Should happiness be the ultimate goal in one’s life? What constitutes real happiness for you? Explain. 


The source of happiness is the mind that directs a person to be happy even in circumstances that are difficult and obstacles that may seem insurmountable to some. It is rightly said that happiness is a state of mind. 

Happiness and Sadness are continuous part of life. Similarly, Happiness and Sadness are relative. For some, Happiness is perfect bliss, but for others happiness is good health and safe life, while for someone else happiness is just absence of sadness. Hence, Happiness is relative and depends on the person to person. Definitely yes, being happy and content is sole aim of all living beings. We eat, play and recreate to being happy. Nobody likes to be unhappy.

But being a social being, our goal should be little more than personal happiness. It should be happiness for all. Our wish should be happiness for all and action should be in direction of happiness for all who can be affected or related to our action. It is also crux of Vedas:  “Sarve Bhavantu Sukhina, Sarve Santu Niramaya, Sarve Bhadraani Pashyantu, Maa Kaschid Dukha Bhaag Bhavet”.

I find happiness in doing what I like which can be my job or my hobby. As job part gives us content and security more than happiness, so, with time its importance decreases.  There is saying and I strongly believe in it. The saying goes this way, “If you want happiness for an hour take a nap. If you want happiness for a day, go fishing. If you want happiness for a year, inherit a fortune, if you want happiness for a lifetime, help somebody.” For me real happiness constitutes

  • In helping the needy and poor people.
  • Spreading good values and ethics in society to make it a better place to live.
  • Working for the betterment of society by leaving greed, selfishness.
  • Bringing happiness on others face due to my deeds.


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