OPTIONAL: MEDICAL SCIENCE

OPTIONAL: MEDICAL SCIENCE

 

Syllabus & Reference Books

Paper I:

1. Human Anatomy:

Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of shoulder, hip and knee – B.D.Chaurasia

Gross anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue, thyroid, mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads and uterus – B.D.Chaurasia

Applied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region.- B.D.Chaurasia, Snells Anatomy

Clinical anatomy of kidney, urinary bladder, uterine tubes, vas deferens.- B.D.Chaurasia, Snells Anatomy

Embryology: Placenta and placental barrier. Development of heart, gut, kidney, uterus, ovary, testis and their common congenital abnormalities.- Inderbir Singh embryology

Central and peripheral autonomic nervous system: Gross and clinical anatomy of ventricles of brain, circulation of cerebrospinal fluid; Neural pathways and lesions of cutaneous sensations, hearing and vision; Cranial nerves, distribution and clinical significance; Components of autonomic nervous system.- Inderbir Singh  neuroanatomy

2. Human Physiology:

Conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction, neuromuscular transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture and muscle tone, descending pathways, functions of cerebellum, basal ganglia, Physiology of sleep and consciousness.-Ganong

Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion, transport, metabolism, function and regulation of secretion of pancreas and pituitary gland.- Ganong

Physiology of reproductive system: menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy.- Ganong

Blood: Development, regulation and fate of blood cells.- Ganong

Cardio-vascular, cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascular functions;-Ganong

3. Biochemistry:

Organ function tests-liver, kidney, thyroid-  Satyanarayan

Protein synthesis.-Satyanarayan

Vitamins and minerals.- Satyanarayan

Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).- Satyanarayan

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).- Satyanarayan

Radio – immunoassays (RIA).- Satyanarayan

4. Pathology:

Inflammation and repair, disturbances of growth and cancer, Pathogenesis and histopathology of rheumatic and ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus. Differentiation between benign, malignant, primary and metastatic malignancies, Pathogenesis and histopathology of bronchogenic carcinoma, carcinoma breast, oral cancer, cancer cervix, leukemia, Etiology, pathogenesis and histopathology of – cirrhosis liver, glomerulonephritis, tuberculosis, acute osteomyelitis.- Harshmohan Only

5. Microbiology:

Humoral and cell mediated immunity- Ananthnarayan

Diseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis of-

  • Meningococcus, Salmonella- Ananthnarayan, Nagoba
  • Shigella, Herpes, Dengue, Polio- Ananthnarayan, Nagoba
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria, E. Histolytica, Giardia-Ananthnarayan, Nagoba
  • Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus- Ananthnarayan, Nagoba
  1. Pharmacology:- For pharmacology only k.d.tripathy

Mechanism of action and side effects of the following drugs

  • Antipyretics and analgesics, Antibiotics, Antimalaria; Antikala-azar,Antidiabetics
  • Antihypertensive, Antidiuretics, General and cardiac vasodilators, Antiviral, Antiparasitic, Antifungal, Immunosuppressants
  • Anticancer
  1. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology: Forensic examination of injuries and wounds; Examination of blood and seminal stains; poisoning, sedative overdose, hanging, drowning, burns, DNA and finger print study- Only Parikh

Paper-II

1. General Medicine:

Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management (including prevention) of: – Tetanus, Rabies, AIDS, Dengue, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis.

Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management of:

Ischaemic heart disease, pulmonary embolism.

Bronchial asthma.

Pleural effusion, tuberculosis, Malabsorption syndromes, acid peptic diseases, Viral hepatitis and cirrhosis of liver.

Glomerulonerphritis and pyelonephritis, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, renovascular hypertension, complications of diabetes mellitus, coagulation disorders, leukemia, Hypo and hyper thyrodism, meningitis and encephalitis.

Imaging in medical problems, ultrasound, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI.

Anxiety and Depressive Psychosis and schizophrenia and ECT.

Go for George Mathews only because book is very easy to understand and retain unlike other.

2. Pediatrics:

Immunization, Baby friendly hospital, congenital cyanotic heart disease, respiratory distress syndrome, broncho – pneumonias, kernicterus. IMNCI classification and management, PEM grading and management. ARI and Diarrhea of under five and their management.- O.P.Ghai Only

3. Dermatology:

Psoriasis, Allergic dermatitis, scabies, eczema, vitiligo, Stevan Johnson’s syndrome, Lichen Planus. Uday khopkars skin book and postgraduate skin book

4. General Surgery:

Clinical features, causes, diagnosis and principles of management of cleft palate, harelip.

Laryngeal tumor, oral and esophageal tumors.

Peripheral arterial diseases, varicose veins, coarctation of aorta

Tumors of Thyroid, Adrenal Glands

Abscess, cancer, fibroadenoma and adenosis of breast.

Bleeding peptic ulcer, tuberculosis of bowel, ulcerative colitis, cancer stomach.

Renal mass,cancer Prostate..

Haemothorax, stones of Gall bladder, Kidney, Ureter and Urinary Bladder.

Management of surgical conditions of Rectum, Anus and Anal canal, Gall bladder and Bile ducts

Splenomegaly, cholecystitis, portal hypertension, liver abscess, peritonitis, carcinoma head of pancreas.

Fractures of spine, Colles’ fracture and bone tumors.

Endoscopy

Laprascopic Surgery.

Only Manipals surgery book is needed.

5. Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Planning:

Diagnosis of pregnancy.

Labour management, complications of 3rd stage, Antepartum and postpartum hemorrhage, resuscitation of the newborn, Management of abnormal lie and difficult labour, Management of small for date or premature newborn.

Diagnosis and management of anemia. Preeclampsia and Toxaemias of pregnancy, Management of Post menopausal Syndrome.

Intra-uterine devices, pills, tubectomy and vasectomy. Medical termination of pregnancy including legal aspects.

Cancer cervix.

Leucorrhoea, pelvic pain, infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB), amenorrhoea, Fibroid and prolapse of uterus.

For obstetrics only Dattas obstetrics and for gynecology only shaws gynecology

6. Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine):

Principles, methods, approach and measurements of Epidemiology

Nutrition, nutritional diseases / disorders & Nutrition Programmes.

Health information Collection, Analysis and Presentation.

Objectives, components and critical analysis of National programmes for control/eradication of:

Malaria, Kala-azar, Filaria and Tuberculosis,

HIV/AIDS, STDs and Dengue

Critical appraisal of Health care delivery system.

Health management and administration: Techniques, Tools, Programme Implementation and Evaluation.

Objective, Component, Goals and Status of Reproductive and Child Health, National Rural Health Mission and Millennium Development Goals

Management of hospital and industrial waste.

PSM best book is Park

Strategy:

Merits:

  • aspirants from Medical science background can go for it without any doubt.
  • The optional subject is loaded with facts and figures. fetching high marks

Demerits.

  • Lengthy syllabus.
  • Unmanageable as it is lock and loaded with facts.
  • No compiled up material is available in market.
  • No coaching classes.
  • Problems to answer questions especially the one related with differential diagnosis

How to prepare:

  • Be specific and stick to the topics. Refer all those standard books that you have read during your graduation years. No need to go for any PG oriented book. Purpose is to refresh your memory about the topics that you had studied during 1st year and might have forgotten. It is like refreshing the text.
  • Prepare from previous year papers. Start solving previous year papers. Begin with the latest one… yes, questions tend to repeat in Medical science (one more reason to choose MS). Make notes short telegraphic ones as you need to recall only certain key words and rest you can write.
  • By the time you will complete notes making you will find that some questions are repeating and a smart guess can be made for next year paper. (No other optional allows you that flexibility).
  • Unlike papers of humanities there is no word limits prescribed for questions in MS paper but if one tends to write a complete answer one would not be able to complete the paper. So it is better to be smart enough while preparing and restrict your answer to the word limits
  • Practice diagrams beforehand. No need to waste time in making a very artistic diagram.  Just make it clear enough to be understandable. Wherever possible write in points or flow chart format.
  • For PSM questions one can cite certain examples from newspaper. “The periscope” page of “The Hindu” newspaper is helpful sometimes.
  • Revise all your hand written notes first and those areas that one feels uneasy with. Memorize pneumonic that you might have prepared.
  • When question papers are allotted to you immediately start marking the questions that you are going to attempt and write down key words or differential diagnosis that that you are going to write in that question as one tends to forget.
  • After you have completed your paper before tying it just go through once whether you have attempted all questions and none is left. It’s a kind of recheck before submitting your answer sheet.
  • Meticulous practice and sincere efforts are key to success in this exam.

 

Previous Year Question Papers:

 

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