PUNJABI LITERATURE

PUNJABI LITERATURE

 

Syllabus:

Paper-I

Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.

Section-A

a) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and consonants.

b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions: Punjabi word formation: Tatsam. Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject and object in Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.

c) Language and dialect; the notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones. Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.

d) Classical background; Nath Jogi Sahit

Medieval literature : Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.

Section-B

a) Modern trends Mystic, romantic, progressive and neomystic (Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S. Neki).

Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal)

Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh)

Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar, Patar)

Origin and Development of Genres :

b) Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles, Proverbs.

Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)

Lyric (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh)

c) Drama (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon, Charan Das Sidhu)

Novel (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, Sukhbir, Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swaran Chandan)

Short Story (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).

d) Socio-cultural   Sanskrit, Persian Literary influences and Western.

Essay (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh)

Literary Criticism (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Najam Hussain Sayyad).

Paper-II

Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-A

  1. a) Sheikh Farid The complete Bani as included in the Adi Granth.
  2. b) Guru Nanak Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Var
  3. c) Bulleh Shah Kafian
  4. d) Waris Shah Heer

Section-B

a) Shah Mohammad Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)

Dhani Ram Chatrik (Poet) Chandan Vari

Sufi Khana

Nawan Jahan

b) Nanak Singh (Novelist) Chitta Lahu

Pavittar Papi

Ek Mian Do Talwaran

c) Gurbaksh Singh (Essayist) Zindagi di Ras Nawan Shivala Merian Abhul Yadaan.

Balraj Sahni (Travelogue) Mera Roosi Safarnama

Mera Pakistani Safarnama

d) Balwant Gargi (Dramatist) Loha Kutt

    Dhuni-di-Agg

    Sultan Razia

    Sant Singh Sekhon (Critic) Sahityarth

    Parsidh Punjabi Kavi

    Punjabi Kav Shiromani

Reference Books:

Paper I

Section A

  1. Punjabi Bhasha Da Janam te vikas by Dr. Prem Prakash Singh
  2. Sidhantak Bhasha Vigyan by Dr. Prem Prakash Singh
  3. Punjabi Bhasha Da Viakaran: Part 1, 2 and 3 Authors are Joginder Singh Pouar, Baldev Singh Cheema, Sukhwinder Singh Sanga, Ved Agnihotri.
  4. Panchayak Bhasha Vigyaan By Ved Agnihotri

Section B

  1. Modern Trends: make notes on quotations about Mystic, Romantic, Progressive, Neomystic, Experimentalist, Aesthetes, Neo- Progressive.
  2. Punjab di lok dhara by Sohinder Singh Bedi.
  3. Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)
  4. Aadhunik Prageet Shilap: Dr. Thakar Dutt Joshi.
  5. Drama, Short Story, Novel: I left this part.
  6. Socio cultural influences: Here I relied on Mitali Mam Notes. No further notes by myself were made by me for this.
  7. Essay:

a) Principal Teja Singh Di Rachna By Bikram Singh Ghuman

b) Teja Singh Di Vartak Kala by Diwan Singh, Bikram Singh Ghuman

c)Professor Puran Singh Di Gad Shelli By Dr. Gurdev Singh

Gurbaksh Singh question was more or less covered from Punjabi Nibandh (Saroop, Sidant te vikas) by Balbir Singh Duggal

  1. Literary Criticism: Punjabi Aalochana (Sidhant Te Vihar) By Harbhajan Singh Bhatia. Publisher: GNDU, Amritsar.

Paper 2

Here read the basic text book of Nanak Singh, Gurbaksh singh, Balraj Sahni and Gargi and then strictly follow this:

Section A

Sheikh Farid:  Get the steek of Sheik Farid Shalokas written by Bhai Sahib Singh.

Guru Nanak: Follow Steek of Jap ji Sahib, Asa di var and Barahmah written by Bhai Sahib Singh.

Bulleh Shah: Kafian

Bulleh Shah Kalaam , Edited by Dr. Gurdev Singh

Kafian Bulleh Shah by T. R. Shingaari.

Khoj Patrika published by Punjabi Univ. Patiala.

Heer Waris by Jeet Singh Sheetal, Samikhaya by Kulbir Singh Kaang.

Sahit Samachar: Sufi Kav ank, published by Lahore Book Depot, Ludhiana

Section B

Jangnama Singh ate Firangian – War Shah Muhammad Edited by Dr. Pritam Saini

Nanak Singh: Sahit Samachar: Nanak Singh Ank, published by Lahore Book Depot

Balraj Sahni –Jeewan te rachna by Amrit Lal Pal- Sangam Publications

Sultan Razia- Ik Mulakan by Dr. Pritam Saini

Balwant Gargi Di Naat Kala

Others:

Madh Kaal Di Chonvi Kavita by Pritam Singh

Sur Sanvedna By Dr. Satinder Singh.

Punjabi Bhasha diyan navintam parvirtiyaan te samasyavaan by Dr. Prem Prakash Singh

Khoj Patrika: Aadunik Kav Ank,

Punjabi Sahit Da Itihaas.

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