UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 10

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 SUCCESS PLAN

UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 10

TOPICS TO BE COMPLETED TODAY

HEADING

indian geography study plan

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN  (Click Here For Full Timetable)

 

VALUE ADDED NOTES  (SAMPLE)

COAL

coal types coal distribution

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MOCK PRELIMS QUIZ ON TODAY’S TOPIC

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India and World Geography Day 10 Quiz (Click Here)

 

QUIZ QUESTIONS 

1. Consider  the following statements about latitudes and longitudes
  • a. Unlike parallels of latitude, all meridians are of equal length.
  • b. The equator represents the zero degrees latitude.
  • c. 90 degrees north latitude marks the North Pole and 90 degrees south latitude marks the South Pole.
  • d. Arctic Circle is located at 66½° north of the equator.

 

2. Consider  the following statements about Mountains

  1. Block Mountains are created when large areas are broken and displaced vertically.
  2. The uplifted blocks are termed as graben and the lowered blocks are called horsts.
  3. The Aravali range in India is one of the oldest block mountain systems in  the world. The  range has considerably worn down due to the processes of erosion.

Which  of  the  above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 1 and 2 Only
  • c. 2 and 3 Only
  • d. 1 and 3 Only.

 

3. Which  of  the following  pairs are correctly matched?

  1. Permanent Winds – Westerlies
  2. Local Winds – Land Breeze
  3. Seasonal Winds   – Monsoon

Answer using the codes below

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 1 and 2 Only
  • c. 1 and 3 Only
  • d. 1,2 and 3

 

4. Consider the following pairs,

Species                      Type of Vegetation

  1. Chir :               Thorny Bushes Forests
  1. Babool:           Tropical Deciduous
  1. Sundari :        Mangrove forests

Which of the above pairs is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 Only
  • b. 2 and 3 Only
  • c. 1 and 3 Only
  • d. 3 Only

 

5. Consider  the following  statements about rocks

  1. Igneous rocks are also called as primary rocks.
  1. Igneous and  sedimentary rocks  can change into metamorphic rocks   under great heat and pressure
  1. Sandstone is a metamorphic rock

Which  of  the  above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 Only
  • b. 1 and 3 Only
  • c. 2 and 3 Only
  • d. 2 Only

 

6. Consider the following sentences:

  1. Rabi Crops:   The    crops which are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops.  The  rainy season in India is generally from June to September.  Paddy, maize, soybean, groundnut, cotton, etc., are kharif crops.
  2. Kharif Crops:   The   crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops. Their time period is  generally from   October   to   March Examples of rabi crops are wheat, gram, pea, mustard and linseed.

Which  of  the  above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

7. Read the below statements

  1. This crop requires  moderate temperature and  rainfall  during growing season and bright sunshine at the time of harvest.
  2. It thrives   best  in   well   drained loamy soil
  3. In India it is grown in winter

To  which  crop  dose  above statements refer?

  • a. Cotton
  • b. Wheat
  • c. Maize
  • d. Groundnut

 

8. With  reference to  methods  of irrigation, consider the following statements

  1. This  system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is   not  In   this   system water is   sprinkled  from  rotating nozzles. This  method is very useful for sandy soil.
  2. In this system, the water falls drop by drop just at the position of the roots. It is  the best technique for watering  fruit  plants, gardens  and trees. The system provides water to plants drop by drop. Water is not wasted  at all. It is a boon in regions where availability of water is poor.

In the above statements,  which one refers to Drip Irrigation method?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

9. Consider  the following statements about slash and burn cultivation

  1. Slash and Burn is a  way of cultivating  Farmers clear  a piece of land by slashing or cutting down trees and bushes.
  2. In   India   it   is   called  as  Jhum cultivation
  3. Slash-and-char is an alternative that alleviates some of the negative ecological implications of traditional slash-and-burn techniques.

Which  of  the  above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 1 and 2 Only
  • c. 1 and 3 Only
  • d. 1,2 and 3

 

10. Which of the following statements are correct?

  1. In the fresh waters of River Ganga and River Brahmaputra, a variety  of dolphin locally called Susu (also called blind dolphin) is found.
  2. The    presence   of    Susu   is    an indication of the health of the river
  3. The Ghaghra,   the  Son,  the Chambal, the  Gandak, the Damodar are  tributaries  of   the Ganga river
  4. Ox-bow lakes dot the Ganga plain area

Select the correct answer using the codes given below,

  • a. 1 and 2 Only
  • b. 1,2 and 3
  • c. 1,2 and 4
  • d. 1,2,3, and 4

 

11. Ostriches were found in India during Paleolithic age. Which site holds the proof of that?
  • a. Patne
  • b. Deojali hading
  • c. Burzhom
  • d. None of them

 

12. Which of the following are methods of soil conservation?

  1. Mulching
  2. Contour Barriers
  3. Rock Dam
  4. Inter Cropping
  5. Shelter Belt

Choose the correct answer using the codes below

  • a. 1,2 and 4 Only
  • b. 1, 3 and 4 Only
  • c. 2, 3, 4 and 5 Only
  • d. 1,2,3,4 and 5

 

13. Consider  following  statements on weather

  1. All changes in  the  weather are caused by the sun.
  2. The temperature, humidity,  and other factors are called the elements of the weather. The weather of  a   place changes year after year and decades after decades.

Which  of  the  statements above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

14. With reference to problems caused by deforestation, consider the following statements,

  1. Deforestation is a contributor  to global warming, and is often cited as one of the major causes of the enhanced greenhouse effect.
  2. Deforestation reduces  soil cohesion,   so   that erosion, flooding and landslides ensue.
  3. Deforestation on a   human scale results in decline in biodiversity, and on a natural global scale is known to cause the extinction of many species.
  4. Ground water  level   also gets lowered.
  5. In deforested areas, the land heats up faster and reaches a higher  temperature, leading to localized upward motions  that  enhance the formation of clouds and ultimately produce more rainfall.

Which  of  the  statements  given  above is/are correct?

  • a. 1,2,3 only
  • b. 1,2,3,4
  • c. 3,4,5 only
  • d. 1,2,3,4 and 5 only

 

15. Consider the following statements with respect to the Himalayas

  1. The northern  most  range is known as the Great or  Inner Himalayas or the ‘Himadri’.
  2. The core of Great Himalayas is composed of sedimentary rocks
  3. Shiwalik ranges are composed of  unconsolidated sediments brought down by  rivers  from the  main Himalayan ranges located farther north.

Which  of  the  statements  given  above is/are correct?

  • a. 2 Only
  • b. 2 and 3 Only
  • c. 1 and 3 Only
  • d. 3 Only

 

16. With reference to river Ganga, consider the following statements

  1. The Bhagirathi-Hooghly  river is  a major tributary of river Ganga that flows southwards   through   the deltaic plains to the Bay of Bengal.
  2. The headwaters of   the   Ganga, called the ‘Bhagirathi’  is fed by the Gangotri Glacier and joined by the Alaknanda at Devaprayag in Uttaranchal.

Which  of  the  statements  given  above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 2 Only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

17. Consider  the  following  statements about El Nino

  1. It is a cold ocean current that flows past the Peruvian Coast, in place of the warm Peruvian current, every 2 to 5 years.
  2. El Nino event affects the onset of Monsoon
  3. The presence of the El Nino leads to a  decrease in  sea-surface temperatures and weakening of the trade winds in the region

Which  of the statements above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. 3 only
  • d. both

 

18. Which  of the following are biosphere reserves in India?

  1. Sunderbans
  2. Simlipal
  3. Gulf of Mannar
  4. Dihang-Dibang
  5. Agasthyamalai

Answer the question using the codes given below

  • a. 1,2 and 4 Only
  • b. 2,3 and 4 Only
  • c. 3,4 and 5 Only
  • d. 1,2,3,4 and 5

 

19. Consider  the  following   statements about lakes in India

  1. The Wular  lake  in  Jammu   and Kashmir is of glacier origin
  2. The Chilika Lake, the Pulicat Lake, the Kolleru Lake are lagoons.

Which  of the statements above is/are correct?

  • a. Only 1
  • b. Only 2
  • c. both
  • d. None of the above

 

20. Consider the following statements

  1. The Deccan Trap  is  a   black soil region and the numerous rivers flowing in the region have deposited this  soil  over thousands of years
  2. Barchans (a type of  sand dunes) cover larger areas of Thar Desert.

Which   of  the  above statements  given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 2 Only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

21. SarojiniNaidu wasoneofthe famous personalityonthe20th Century.Which of the following statementsis/are correct?

  1. SarojiniNaiduwasthefirstIndianwoman tobecomethePresidentof theIndian NationalCongress
  2. SarojiniNaidu wasthefirst womanGovernor ofIndia
  3. SarojiniNaidu’sbirthday is celebrated as”Women’s Day”
  4. Sarojini Naiduwas one oftheframers ofIndian Constitution.

Select the correct answer using the codes below

  • a. 1 and 4 Only
  • b. 1,3 and 4 Only
  • c. 1,2 and 4 Only
  • d. 1,2,3 and 4

 

22. Consider the following statements

  1. The Garo,  the  Khasi  and the Jaintia Hills  in Meghalaya   are geologically part of the peninsular plateau
  2. The Western   Ghats   are higher than the Eastern Ghats in elevation.
  3. The Deccan Plateau  is higher in the east and slopes gently westwards

Answer the above question using the codes given below

  • a. 1 and 2 Only
  • b. 2 Only
  • c. 1 and 3 Only
  • d. 3 Only

 

23. Consider the following statements with reference to regions of Northern plains of India

  1. The rivers,  after descending  from the mountains deposit pebbles in a narrow belt of about 8 to 16 km in width lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks. It is known as Terai.
  2. South of  Terai,  the  streams and rivers re-emerge and create a  wet, swampy and marshy region known as Bhabar.
  3. The largest part of  the  northern plain is  formed of older alluvium. They lie above the flood plains of the rivers and present a terrace  like feature. This   part  is   known  as Khadar.
  4. The newer, younger deposits of the flood plains are called Bhangar.

Which   of  the  statements  given  above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 4 Only
  • b. 2, 3 and 4 Only
  • c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  • d. None of the above

 

24. With reference to waterways in India, consider the following statements

  1. There are five national waterways in India
  2. The National Waterway-V connects Brahmani river &  Mahanadi delta system  along with  East Coast Canal

Which  of the above statements  is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. None of the above

 

25. Consider the  following statements,

  1. The running water cuts through  the  clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. It is known as gully erosion.
  2. Sometimes water  flowsas a sheet over large areas down a slope. In such cases the top soil is washed away. This is known as sheet erosion.
  3. Soil erosion is also caused due to defective methods of farming.
  4. When the land becomes unfit for cultivation it is known as bad land.

Which  of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1,2 and 3
  • b. 2,3 and 4
  • c. 1,3 and 4
  • d. All Four

 

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