UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 60

prelims 2020

UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 60

TOPICS TO BE COMPLETED TODAY

HEADING

day-60

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN  (Click Here For Full Timetable)

 

VALUE ADDED NOTES  (SAMPLE)

AGRICULTURE

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MOCK PRELIMS QUIZ ON TODAY’S TOPIC

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Economic and social development- Day 60 Quiz (Click Here)

 

QUIZ QUESTIONS 

 

1. Consider the following statements about ‘Organic Farming’:

  1. Organic agriculture is a whole system of farming that restores, maintains and enhances the ecological balance.
  2. Organic agriculture offers a means to substitute costlier agricultural inputs (such as HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides etc.) with locally produced organic inputs that are cheaper and thereby generate good returns on investment.
  3. In January 2016, Kerala became India’s first organic state.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 3 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. None of the above

 

2. Which of the following factors are not considered by the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP), for recommending price policy of various commodities?

  1. Demand and Supply
  2. Cost of Production
  3. Inter-crop price parity
  4. Likely implications of MSP on consumers of that product

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 2 and 4 only
  • d. None of the above

 

3. When a nation becomes more prosperous and developed, which of the following structural change is observed in its economy?
  • a. The proportion of GDP contributed by agriculture as well as the proportion of population working in the sector declines considerably.
  • b. The proportion of GDP contributed by agriculture only decreases whereas the proportion of population working in the sector increases considerably
  • c. The proportion of GDP contributed by manufacturing and service sector she comes irrelevant.
  • d. The number of people employed in manufacturing sector becomes stagnant.

 

4. With reference to the Indian economy, Golden Revolution is related to:
  • a. Pharmaceuticals
  • b. Horticulture
  • c. Petroleum products
  • d. Fisheries

 

5. Which of the following methods have been adopted for improving agriculture marketing in India?

  1. Privatization of all wholesale mandis
  2. Promotion to cooperative marketing
  3. Minimum support prices (MSP) for agricultural products

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

6. Which of the following were features of Green revolution?

  1. Use of High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds
  2. Increase in use of chemical fertilizers
  3. Assured irrigation
  4. Promotion of horticulture crops

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1, 3 and 4 only
  • b. 1, 2 and 3 only
  • c. 2 and 4 only
  • d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

7. Consider the following pairs:

Slash and burn cultivationpracticeRegion of India
1.Dahiya:Haryana
2.Jhumming:North-East
3.Khil:Rajasthan
4.Koman:Odisha
5.Penda:Andhra Pradesh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  • a. 1, 4 and 5 only
  • b. 2, 4 and 5 only
  • c. 1, 3 and 4 only
  • d. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only

 

8. A farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more use of labour. A climate having large number of days with sunshine and fertile soils permits growing of more than one crop annually on the same plot. Rice is the main crop. Other crops include wheat, maize, pulses and oil seeds. It is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia. The description is of:
  • a. Shifting cultivation
  • b. Intensive subsistence farming
  • c. Commercial farming
  • d. Vertical farming

 

9. What do you mean by the term ‘Truck Farming’?
  • a. Farming wherein the farmers specialise in growing vegetables only
  • b. Farming of fruits and flowers only
  • c. Soil-less farming in a truck
  • d. Abundant production of large carriers like trucks, containers, etc

 

10. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’?

  1. The inputs used for seed treatment are locally available in the form of cow dung and cow urine.
  2. It protects soil from degradation, helps in retaining soil fertility and is climate change resilient.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

11. Which among the following factors is/are responsible for land degradation in irrigated areas in India?

  1. Water logging
  2. Excessive use of pesticides
  3. Mono cropping

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 only
  • c. 1, 2 and 3
  • d. 2 only

 

12. The subsistence of people based on hunting of animals and gathering of wild plant foods and fishing without domestication of plants and animals is known as:
  • a. Foraging
  • b. Farming
  • c. Ranching
  • d. Scavenging

 

13. With reference to Agriculture  in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Gross Cropped Area is the area which is sown and harvested only once a year.
  2. Net Sown Area is the physical extent of land on which crops are sown and harvested.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 Only
  • b. 2 Only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

14. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
  2. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution dedicated to eradicating poverty in rural areas of developing countries.
  3. IFAD is a specialised agency of the United Nations.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

15. Which of the following are the effects of ‘Genetically Modified (GM)’crops?

  1. Increased reliance on chemical pesticides.
  2. Increased quantum of post-harvest losses.
  3. Increased efficacy of mineral usage in plants.
  4. Increased tolerance to abiotic stress.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • a. 1 and 4 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 2 and 4 only
  • d. 3 and 4 only

 

16. Which one of the following best describes the term “Price Deficiency Payment ” sometimes seen in the news?
  • a. It is the amount paid back by banks to their customers when they use UPI based apps for financial transactions for purchasing goods or services.
  • b. It is the difference in amount credited by Ministry of Petroleum to those who opt for Giving up their LPG subsidies.
  • c. It is the payment of difference between the government-announced MSPs for select crops and their actual market prices.
  • d. The difference paid by the Government, to states to compensate for revenue loss post GST implementation.

 

17. In the context of international trade, „Early Harvest‟ Package refers to which of the following?
  • a. A clause related to the Agreement on Agriculture under the World Trade Organization.
  • b. A pre-cursor to a Free Trade Agreement between two trading partners
  • c. A subsidy mechanism given to the developing countries for trade in agriculture.
  • d. A transportation agreement signed between countries for the movement of goods.

 

18. With reference to the tenth Agriculture Census, 2015-16 , consider the following statements:

  1. It aims to collect data on operational holdings in agriculture.
  2. It is conducted by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Union Ministry of Agriculture.
  3. According to it, Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of people tilling land.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1, 2 and 3
  • d. 1 and 3 only

 

19. Consider the following statements regarding the recently launched Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund(FAIDF):

  1. It aims to provide funding for the development of both marine and Inland fisheries sector.
  2. The nodal agencies for the fund include National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

20. Consider the following statements  regarding the recently launched World Agriculture Prize:

  1. It has been established by  Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
  2. The first World Agriculture Prize has been awarded to Norman Borlaug.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

21. Which of the following practices help in soil conservation?

  1. Avoiding shifting cultivation practices
  2. Building dams in the upper course of the river
  3. Adopting mono-cultural crop practices

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 3 only
  • b. 2 Only
  • c. 1, 2 and 3
  • d. 1 and 2 only

 

22. Consider the following pairs:

State/City                        Achievement

  1. Maharashtra :    First Good Samaritan Bill
  2. Sikkim :               First 100%organic state
  3. Bangalore :          First city adopting Bharat Stage VI norms

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  • a. 1 and 3 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. 1 and 2 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

23. The term Agro-Forestry often seen in news refers to
  • a. raising and management of trees on privately owned lands around commercial greenbelts.
  • b. raising of trees and agriculture crops on the same land inclusive of the waste patches.
  • c. Planting of trees on the sides of roads, canals and railways.
  • d. a type of farming which involves both the growing of crops as well as the raising of livestock.

 

24. Arrange the following agricultural revolutions in the correct chronological sequence of their beginning in India:

  1. Green Revolution
  2. Yellow Revolution
  3. Operation Flood

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1-2-3
  • b. 1-3-2
  • c. 3-1-2
  • d. 3-2-1

 

25. With reference to varieties of silk found in India, consider the following pairs:

Type of silkProducing States
 1. Tasar silk : Jharkhand
2.Muga silk:Assam
3.Eri silk:Meghalaya

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 1 and 3 only
  • c. 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

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