UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 63

prelims 2020

UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 63

TOPICS TO BE COMPLETED TODAY

HEADING

day-63

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN  (Click Here For Full Timetable)

 

VALUE ADDED NOTES  (SAMPLE)

IRRIGATION

day-63 mind maps-1day-63 mind maps-2day-63 mind maps-3

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MOCK PRELIMS QUIZ ON TODAY’S TOPIC

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Economic and social development- Day 63 Quiz (Click Here)

 

QUIZ QUESTIONS 

 

1. Consider the following statements regarding subsidies by government:

  1. Subsidies do not allow prices to indicate the actual supply of a good.
  2. The benefits of subsidies are disproportionately appropriated by well-off sections of the society.
  3. The agricultural subsidies in India have given rise to unscientific cropping patterns.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

2. The main components of evergreen revolution are:

  1. Up gradation soil health
  2. Promote lab to land demonstrations
  3. Promoting rain water harvesting
  4. Increasing cash crop production

Which statements are correct?

  • a. 1, 2 and 3
  • b. 2, 3 and 4
  • c. 1, 3 and 4
  • d. All of these

 

3. With reference to Direct Seeded Rice system, consider the following statements:

  1. It uses less water than traditional transplanted paddy cultivation.
  2. It eliminates the need for weedicides.
  3. Its adoption results in increased greenhouse gas emissions.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 only
  • c. 3 only
  • d. 1 and 3 only

 

4. Experimental Forecasts Land Surface Products’ the  first country-wide soil moisture forecast was seen recently in news. It is conducted by
  • a. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
  • b. The Central Soil and Materials Research Station
  • c. ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation (ICAR-IISWC)
  • d. Indian Metereological Department

 

5. Consider the following statements.

  1. The major objective of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation.
  2. A Long Term Irrigation Fund (LTIF) has been established under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare for funding of Central and State share for the identified ongoing projects under PMKSY.
  3. One of the primary objectives of the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) is to prepare National Perspective Plans (NPP) for inter-linking rivers to reduce water shortage.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

6. Consider the following statements.

  1. Ants and rodents help in soil formation as they rework the soil up and down.
  2. Earthworms feed on soil and the soil that comes out of their body has a changed texture and chemistry.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. None of the above

 

7. Consider the following statements about the agricultural properties of limestone dominated soil.

  1. Limestone neutralizes the natural acidity of the soil.
  2. Solubility of limestone in water makes it a poor choice to grow water-intensive crops.

Which of the above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

8. Mulching is a popular method of soil conservation. This practice helps in

  1. Retaining soil moisture
  2. Improving the organic matter of the soil
  3. Cutting step-wise flats on hilly farms improving water retention

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 2 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

9. Which of the following is/are the key principles of ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’?

  1. Seed Treatment using local cow dung and cow urine
  2. Mulching to ensure favorable micro climate in the soil
  3. No use of chemicals fertilizers or chemical pesticides in the soil
  4. Soil aeration

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 2, 3 and 4 only
  • b. 1 and 3 only
  • c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  • d. 2 and 4 only

 

10. Mulching as a soil conservation measure involves :
  • a. Piling up of rocks to slowdown flow of water along the slope.
  • b. Reducing surface run-0ff on steep slopes by making flat steps
  • c. Using organic matter like straw to conserve soil moisture
  • d. Protecting soil from wind erosion through belt of trees

 

11. Which of the following agriculture-related activity is/are the source of greenhouse gas emissions?

  1. Digestive process in cattle, sheep, goat etc.
  2. Crop residuede composition.
  3. Use of organic and inorganic fertilizers.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

12. Consider the following Statements regarding Dairy Development in India:

  1. India ranks first among the world’s milk producing nations.
  2. Livestock census started in the country in the year 1919.

Identify the correct statements:

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. All are correct
  • d. None

 

13. The Green Revolution has led to marked increase in:

  1. Productivity of wheat
  2. Productivity of pulses
  3. Regional inequalities
  4. Inter-person inequalities of the statements:

Chose the correct one.

  • a. 1 and 2 are correct
  • b. 3 and 4 are correct
  • c. 1, 3 and 4 are correct
  • d. All are correct

 

14. Consider the following:

  1. Capital intensive
  2. Equal emphasis on crop cultivation and animal husbandry.
  3. Conservation of soil
  4. Practiced in the highly developed parts of the world.

Which of the above are characteristics of mixed farming?

  • a. 1, 2 and 4 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1, 3 and 4 only
  • d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

15. Consider the following statements about Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP):

  1. It aims to provide financial assistance to the farmers for adopting micro irrigation techniques.
  2. The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare is responsible for framing policy guidelines for its implementation.
  3. Central Water Commission (CWC) is the nodal agency which monitors all the projects that receive central assistance under the programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 3 only
  • c. 1 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

16. Which of the following categories or sectors of economy fall under the ambit of ‘Priority Sector Lending’ by a commercial bank?

  1. Loans to individuals for vocational education courses.
  2. Loans for Micro-hydel plants.
  3. Overdrafts extended by banks under Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhanyojana(PMJDY)accounts.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

17. With reference to micro-irrigation technologies, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Micro-irrigation technologies can be used for irrigating difficult terrains and water deficit regions.
  2. Micro-irrigation has potential to control ground and surface water pollution.
  3. The technology helps in reducing the usage of fertilizers.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

18. KALIA scheme launched by the government of Odisha, sometimes seen in the news, is related to:
  • a. Incentivisation of adoption of solar power pumps for irrigation.
  • b. Providing financial assistance to cultivators and landless agricultural laborers.
  • c. Promotion of non-timber based economy, especially in tribal areas.
  • d. Promotion of agro-forestry as an alternative source of income for farmers.

 

19. Consider the following statements regarding National Bamboo Mission:

  1. It is a centrally sponsored scheme being implemented under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture(NMSA)
  2. Its objectives include increasing area under the bamboo plantation in forest lands to supplement farm income.
  3. It is focused on development of bamboo in States with a social, commercial and economical advantage.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

20. Pollinators are animals, insects or birds that move pollen from the male part of a flower to the female part. Which of the following can be considered as threats to pollinators?

  1. Increase in mono-cropping
  2. Forest Fires
  3. Insufficient foraging habitats of pollinators
  4. Honey hunting

Select the correct answer using the code below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1, 2 and 4 only
  • c. 3 and 4 only
  • d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

21. Which of the following are provided by Model Act on Agricultural Marketing?

  1. Permission to growers and local authorities to apply for the establishment of new markets for agricultural produce in any area.
  2. Compulsion on the growers to sell their produce through existing markets administered by the Agricultural Produce Market Committee(APMC).
  3. Publicizing data on arrivals and rates of agricultural produce brought into the market area for sale.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. 1, 2 and 3

 

22. With reference to International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), consider the following statements:

  1. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) is a United Nation designated body.
  2. The primary aim of the organization is to promote Sustainable agriculture water management through sustainable rural development.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

23. Which of the following methods could be used for carbon sequestration?

  1. Afforestation
  2. Bio char making
  3. Ocean fertilization

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1, 2, and 3
  • c. 2 only
  • d. 1 and 3 only

24. Which of the following statements correctly describes Mixed cropping pattern in agriculture?
  • a. A long duration based cropping where two sets of inter crops are grown one after another
  • b. Cultivation of more than two crops of different height simultaneously
  • c. Growing of two or more crops simultaneously intermingled without row arrangement
  • d. A system of farming including crop production, poultry and fisheries simultaneously

 

25. Consider the following statements about Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP)

  1. Under the FRP system, the farmers are not required to wait till the end of the season or for any announcement of the profits by sugarmills or the Government.
  2. FRP is approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)

Select the correct statements

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

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