UPSC MAINS OPTIONAL SUBJECT: POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS PAPER 1 TOPIC WISE UPSC QUESTIONS

political science

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS PAPER 1 TOPIC WISE UPSC QUESTIONS

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SYLLABUSPREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS
Political Theory and Indian Politics:

  1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
  2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.

 

·       2000 : The modern pluralist democracies have posed a great threat to the fabric of nation state. Discuss (60).

·       2000 : To what extent does the Rawlsian goal of achieving social justice depend on an overarching consensus among cultural, religious and ideological groups (60)?

·       2001 : Relevance of contextualist approach to the study of political theory.   20

·       2001 : Critically examine Marxist theory of the state with reference to the dictatorship of the proletariat (60).

·       2002 : Examine the arguments in the Normative vs. Empirical debate in the study of political theory (60).

·       2004 : What is the concept of justice in modern political theory? How is it related to Liberty and Equality?  

·       2004 : What is the nature of the crisis in political theory? Suggest remedies to overcome it.

·       2004 : Critically examine the Marxian theory of social stratification.

·       2005 : Do you agree with the view that liberal theories are based on atomism, whereas communitarians have a social thesis? Present your line of argument. 60

·       2009 : Examine in detail Marxs prescription for ending alienation and reaching the stage of de-alienation. 60

·       2011 : Views of Gandhi and Ambedkar on ‘social justice’  15

·       2011 : Make an assessment of the post-colonial understanding of State. 30

·       2012 : Difference between normative and empirical theories of politics.

·       2012 : What is meant bu ‘relative autonomy’ of State in Marxist analysis?

·       2013 : “Original position”  10

·       2013 : Discuss the communitarian critique of liberalism. 20

·       2013 : Discuss in what sense Max’s understanding of state can be considered as materialistic. 15

·       2013 : Explain Berlin’s notion of value pluralism. 20

·       2014 : ” … political theory is not an escape mechanism but an arduous calling.” ( John Plamanetz)  10

·       2014 : Explicate the conception of justice in the critiques of communitarian theorists. 20 marks

·       2015 : ‘Difference Principe’ in Rawls’Theory of Justice   10

·       2015 : Discuss the relationship between base and superstructure in Marxist theory.  15

·       2016 : 2.(a) “The Political ideology of Globalization is Neo-liberalism.” Comment. 20 marks

·       2016 : (b) Discuss Feminist theory of the State. 15 marks

·       2016 : (c) Critically examine John Rawl’s argument for democratic equality. 15 marks

·       2017 : (b) Neo-liberal perspective of State  10

·       2017 : (a) Rawls’ theory of justice is both contractual and distributive. Examine. (20 Marks)

·       2018 : 1.(b) Decline of Political Theory 10 marks

·       2018 : 1.(c) Distributive Justice 10 marks

·       2018 : 2.(a) Critically examine the neo-liberal theory of State. 20 marks

·       2018 : 2.(b) Analyse John Rawls justification of discrimination to achieve the goals of Justice.15 marks

·       2018 :

·       2018 :

  1. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  2. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  3. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.

 

·       2001 : Polyarchy.   20

·       2009 : Women has always been mans dependent, If not his slave; the two sexes have never shared the world in equality (Simone de Beauvoir).    20

·       2010 : (b) Robert Dahls’s concept of deformed polyarchy.  15

·       2010 : 2. (a) Asses the deliberative therories of democracy.  30

·       2010 : (b) Critically examine the cultural relativist approach to human rights.    30

·       2011 : Examine the Participatory Model of Democracy. 30

·       2012 : Difference between equality of opportunity and equality of outcome.

·       2012 : Issues of debate in contemporary democratic theory.

·       2012 : Examine the multi-cultural perspectives on rights.

·       2012 : Why is ‘affirmative action’ important in provision of equal opportunity?

·       2014: How is liberty a precondition for equality? Explicate the relationship between equality and liberty. 15 marks

·       2014: What are the provisions for constitutional protection of right to freedom of religion and how far have they succeeded in promoting secularism in India? 15 marks

·       2015: Difference between Participatory and deliberative Demography  10

·       2015: Examine the challenges to sovereignty of the state in the contemporary world.  20

·       2015: Discuss the ‘Right to Education ’ and the concerns raised by it.  15

·       2016: (c) Affirmative Action. 10 marks

·       2016: (b)  Explicate the features of Representative Democracy. 15 marks

·       2016 : 6.(a) Critically examine the politics of Economic growth in India.  20 marks

·       2017 : (b) Deliberative democracy does not have its salience without participation and participatory democracy does not have its credence without deliberations. Comment. (15 Marks)

·       2017: (b) Right to privacy is an intrinsic part of the right to life.

·       2018: 1.(d) Substantive Democracy 10 marks

·       2018: 2.(c) Equality means fair treatment rather than equal treatment. Comment. 15 marks

·       2018: 3.(a) What do you understand by three generations of Human Rights ? 20 marks

·       2018: 3.(b) Critically examine Macpherson’s views on Democracy. 15 marks

·       2017:

  1. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  2. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

 

·       2000: Critically evaluate Webers ideas on Bureaucracy and highlight the significance of the Weberian model from Indias point of view (60).

·       2000 : The role of Indian Prime Ministers in the federal system was always controversial. Do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer with apt examples (60).

·       2001 : Defence ideology. Critically examine the End of Ideology Debate (60).

·       2003 : The main political ideas contained in the Manusmriti   20

·       2005 : The root of politics, according to Marx, does not lie in the state; it lies in the social conditions underlying this institution, that is, in the material conditions of life as reflected through the mode of production. Comment. 60

·       2006 : Explain Gandhis ideas regarding State and highlight their relationship with modern democracy and principles of anarchism (60).

·       2009 : Socialism is a much used hat, whose original shape no one can define (C E M Joad).  20

·       2010 : (a) ” Power flows throughout the system like blood in the capillaries of our body.” (Foucault)  15

·       2010 : (c) ‘ Personal is political.’  15

·       2010 : (d) ‘Veil of ignorance.’  15

·       2010 : (b) Distinguish between liberal feminism and socialist feminism in detail.  30

·       2010 : 3. (a) Evaluate Mark’s instrumentalist approach to the State.    30

·       2011 : Examine the debate on the ‘End of Ideology’ 30

·       2011 : Attempt a Comparative examination of the views of Marx and Weber on ‘Power’ 30

·       2012 : Difference between Liberal and Radical forms of Feminism. 

·       2012 : Distinguish between the concepts of legitimacy and hegemony.

·       2013 : “Personal is political”  10

·       2014 : Comment on the view that socialism in the 21st century may be reborn as anti-capitalism. 20 marks

·       2014 : Examine the conditions that are required for the maintenance of legitimacy in modern societies. 15 marks

·       2014 : Examine the conception of the State in the ideologies of Fascism and Marxism. 15 marks

·       2014 : Marginalization of the left ideology in India

·       2015 : Discuss the key features of pre Marxist socialist theory.   15

·       2015 : Distinguish between Power and Authority.  15

·       2015 : Discuss the ‘crisis of legitimacy’ in capitalist societies. (Habermas)  20

·       2016 : (e) Gramsci’s concept of Hegemony. 10 marks

·       2017 : (c) Post-modernism   10

·       2017 : (d) Eco-feminism   10

·       2017 : (c) Define Socialism. Discuss the salient features of Fabian Socialism. (15 Marks)

·       2017 : (a) The success of Mahatma Gandhi lay in transforming both political and non-political movements into a unified nationalist movement.   10

·       2018 : 1.(e) “Nothing against the State, nothing over it, nothing beyond it.” – Mussolini 10 marks

·       2018 : 3.(c) Explain the relationship between power, authority and legitimacy. 15 marks

  1. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .
  2. Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

 

·       2000 : Until philosophers are kings. Or kings and princes of this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, cities will neever have rest from evil (Plato).   20

·       2000 : Power is an end in itself and he (Machievelli) inquires into the means that are best suited to acquire, retain and expand power, thus separates power from morality, ethics, religion and metaphysics (Ebenstein on Machievelli).   20

·       2000 : State is a march of God on the Earth (Hegel).   20

·       2001 : What are the major components of Modern Indian Political Though? Examine then with reference to Gandhi and M N Roy (60).

·       2002 : The polis exists by nature and that it is prior to the individual (Aristotle).   20

·       2002: The true source of light is duty. If we all discharge our duties, rights will not be far to see (M K Gandhi).   20

·       2002 : In so far as national events are decided, the power elite are those who decide them (C Wright Mills).   20

·       2002 : Will, not force, is the basis of the state (T H Green).

·       2002 : Analyse M. N Roys ideational journey from Marxism to Radical Humanism (60).

·       2003 : The reason why men enter into civil society is the preservation of their property (Locke).   20

·       2003 : Machavellis political philosophy was narrowly local and narrowly dated (Sabine).   20

·       2003 : Explain Platos communism and compare it with modern communism (60).

·       2003 : The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle (Karl Marx). Comment (60).

·       2003 : Discuss the political philosophy of Hannah Arendt (60).

·       2003 : Gandhis concept of Truth and Non-violence. Why was he opposed to modern civilisation?  20

·       2003 : The authority of the master and that of the statements are different from one another (Aristotle).

·       2004 : The end of law is not a abolish or restrain but to preserve and enlarge freedom (Locke).  20

·       2004 : Tribalism in Africa

·       2004: Rulership can be successfully carried out (only) with the help of associates: One wheel alone does not turn (Kautilya).   20

·       2005 : Of those (officers) the ways of embezzlement are forty (Kautilya).  20

·       2005 : The State is Individual Writ Large (Plato).  20

·       2005 : The sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number is self protection (J S Mill).   20

·       2005 : Democratic theory presupposes self-determination, human rights and social justice. Discuss this with particular reference to M K Gandhi. 60

·       2006: State is individual write large (Plato)   20

·       2006 : THE GENERAL WILL ____ is not so much the will of the State as the will for the State, … (MacIver).   20

·       2006 : ____ that the anatomy of this civil society, however, has to be sought in political economy (Marx).   20

·       2006 : Attempt a critique a Aristotles ideas on slavery (60).

·       2006 : Ambedkars Concept of Social Justice  20

·       2007 : Platos communism is a supplementary machinery to give effect to and reinforce that spirt which education is create (Nettleship).   20

·       2007 : state is the result of the irreconcilability of class antagonism (Lenin)   20

·       2007: Critically examine the Sapta Prakriti of state as envisage by Kautilya. 60

·       2007 : In the happiness of his subjects lies the kings happiness in their welfare of his welfare (Kautilya).  20

·       2007 : Discuss the importance of Machiavelli in the history of political thought. Is it correct to say that Machiavelis theory is narrowly local and narrowly dated? 60

·       2009 : Western thought, one might say, has been either platonic or anti platonic but hardly ever non-platonic (Popper).   20

·       2009 : Compare and contrast Kautilya and Machiavalli on statecraft. 20

·       2009 : Radical Humanism   20

·       2009 : Political Theory is, quite simply, mans attempt to consciously understand and solve the problems of his group life and organization. It is the disciplined investigation of political problems. Not only to show what a political practice is, but also to show what it means. In showing what a practice means, or what it ought to mean, political theory can alter what it is (Sabine).   20

·       2010 :    (b) Compare and contrast Dharmasastra and Arthasastra with reference to State power.   30

·       2011 : “The State is a creation of nature and man is by nature a political animal.” (Aristotle)   15

·       2011 : “The worth of a State… Is the worth of individuals composing it.” (J. S. Mill)  15

·       2011 :   Hobbies as an individualist   15

·       2011 :   It is said where there is no law there is no liberty. Give your views on this statement. 30

·       2012 :   Hannah Arendt’s conception of the ‘political.

·       2012 :   ‘Locke is an individualist out and out’. Substantiate this statement.

·       2012 :   Draw parallels between Arthashastra tradition and the ‘Realist’ tradition represented by Machiavelli.

·       2012:   Write a note on the Buddhist tradition in Indian political thought.

·       2013:   “Covenants without swords are but words, and of no strength to secure a man at all.”  10

·       2013:   Sri Aurobindo’s “idea of freedom”  10

·       2013:   Sri Ahmed Khan as modernizer   10

·       2013:   Examine Ambedkar’s critique of Marxism. 15

·       2013:   Explain, as per Gramsci, the distinction between hegemony and domination. 15

·       2013:   Examine the significance of Dharma in Ancient Indian political thought. 15

·       2013:   Analyse,as per Kautilya,the Saptanga theory of the state. 15

·       2013:   Comment on the Assertion of Laslett that Filmer and not Hobbes was the main antagonist of Locke. 15

·       2014:   “All silencing of discussion is an assumption of infallibility.” (J. S. Mill)  10

·       2014:   “Nationalism is not a mere political programme but a way of life like religion.” (Aurobindo Ghose)   10

·       2014:   “India has thrown up a form of judicial democracy that has no parallel anywhere else, and has nurtured a kind of civil society that is uniquely its own.” (Bhikhu Parekh)  10

·       2014:   “Power is never the property of an individual; it belongs to a group and remains in existence only so long as the group keeps together.” ( Hannah Arendt)   10

·       2014:   Evaluate the contributions of Buddhist tradition to Indian political thought. 15 marks

·       2014:   Explain how Machiavelli’s application of empirical method to human affairs marks an important stage in the evolution of political science. 20 marks

·       2014:   Central to Aristotle’s political thought is his classification of the different types of political constitutions in the Politics. Evaluate. 15 marks

·       2015:   Aristotle’s conception of Equality  10

·       2015:   Gandhi’s views on state   10

·       2015:   Compare and contrast the views of Kautilya and Machiavelli on Statecraft.  15

·       2015:   “Plato was an enemy of the open society” (Popper) comment.   20

·       2015:   Discuss Gramsci’s notion of ‘organic intellectuals’.    15

·       2016:   (a) “How would I and my fellow human beings behave if we were to find ourselves in a state of nature, and what does this behaviour tell us about our innate predispositions ?” (Thomas Hobbes) 10 marks

·       2016 : (d) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s idea of state socialism. 10 marks

·       2016:   3.(a) Discuss Sri Aurobindo’s views on Cultural Nationalism. 20 marks

·       2016:   4.(a) Discuss Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the role of Ideology in modern totalitarian regimes.20 marks

·       2017:   (a) According to Sri Aurobindo, Swaraj is a necessary condition for India to accomplish its destined goal.

·       2017:   (e) Hobbesian notion of Political Obligation    10

·       2017:   (b) Everywhere, inequality is a cause of revolution – Aristotle. Comment. (15 Marks)

·       2017:   (a) What do you understand by Multiculturalism? Discuss Bhikhu Parekh’s view on Multiculturalism. (20 Marks)

·       2017:   (a) Political democracy could not last unless social democracy lay at its base – B.R. Ambedkar. Comment. (20 Marks)

·       2017:   (b) Write a brief note on The End of History debate. (15 Marks)

·       2017:   (c) What do you understand by the notion of Statecraft? Discuss the theory of statecraft as given by Kautilya. (15 Marks)

·       2018:   1.(a) John Stuart Mill is a ‘reluctant democrat”. – C. L. Wayper 10 marks

·       2018:   4.(a) John Locke is the father of liberalism. Explain. 20 marks

·       2018:   4.(b) Discuss Ambedkar’s ideas on ‘annihilation of caste’. 15 marks

·       2018:   4.(c) Critically examine Machiavelli’s views on religion and politics.15 marks

Indian Government and Politics:

Indian Nationalism:

(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle:

Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.

·       2010 : (a) Indian nationalism as depicted in S.N. Banerjea’s ‘A Nation in the making’.  15

·       2011 : Significance of the Civil Disobedience Movement  15

·       2012 : Efficacy of Satygraha as moral resistance colonial rule.

·       2014 : Explain how peasant movements promoted nationalist ideas during the struggle for Indian independence. 15 marks

·       2015 : Satyagraha as a Strategy in the Indian National Movement.    10

·       2017 : (c) Differentiate Moderate Nationalism from Extremist/Militant Nationalism in terms of their objectives and means. (15 Marks)

·       2018 : 5.(a) Revolt of 1857 is a ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ or ‘First War of Independence’. 10 marks

(b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

  1. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
  2. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
·       2000 : I gives the name to every state that is governed by laws, no matter what the form of its administration (Rousseau).   20

·       2001 : Constitution as a power map   20

·       2001 : The debate over judicial activism in India.   20

·       2001 : Concept of committed bureaucracy.   20

·       2001 : Critically examine the impact of the national movement on the making of the constitution of India (60).

·       2002 : Dyarchy under Montague-Chelmsord Reforms   20

·       2002 : Tribal people movement in the North-East  20

·       2002 : Examine the salient features of the Indian Independence Act (1947) relating to the transfer of power. What specific provisions did this Act make for the lapse of para-mountcy (60)?

·       2003 : Right against exploitation under the Indian Constitution  20

·       2003 : The Directive Principles of State Policy are not mere pious declarations but clear directions for the guidance of State Policy. Comment and show how for they have been applied in practice (60).

·       2004 : As soon as a nation appoints representatives, it is no longer free, it no longer exists (Rousseau).    20

·       2004 : Public interests litigation

·       2005 : Fundamental Duties under Article 51A of the Constitution of India.   20

·       2005 : Do you agree with the view that Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy Constitute the Core and Conscience of the Indian Constitution? Comment on the emerging trends in their interrelationship. 60

·       2006 : Judicial Activism   20

·       2006 : Critically examine the role and contribution of Indias bureaucracy in nation building (60).

·       2007 : The Directive principle of state policy are not mere pious declaration but clear direction for the guideline of state policy.   20

·       2007 : Explain the concept of judicial activism and examine its impact on the relationship between executive and judiciary in India. 60

·       2009 : Comment on the proposition that liberal constitutionalism precedes liberal democracy. 20

·       2010 : (a) ” The Constituent Assembly was a one party body in an essentially one party country . The Assembly was the Congress and the Congress was India.” ( Granville Austin)  20

·       2011 : Dalit perspective on Indian National Movement  15

·       2011 : Examine the significance of the Directive Principles of State Policy in achieving the goal of socio-economic justice. 30

·       2011: In normal conditions, the Governor is a constitutional executive but in case of constitutional crisis, he can become a powerful and effective executive. Discuss 30

·       2012 : Comment on the Marxist and Radical Humanist phases of M.N. Roy’s thought.

·       2012 : Judicial activism and social change.

·       2012: Doctrine of Basic Structure of the Indian Constitution.

·       2012 : Discuss the extent to which the Indian Constitution reflects successful reconciliation of alternative perspectives.

·       2012 : Examine the relevance of Directive Principles in the era of liberalisation and globalization.

·       2013: Marxist understanding of India’s freedom movement  10

·       2013 : Significance of the Preamble   10

·       2013 : Decline of Indian Parliament  10

·       2013 : “Cooperative federalism produces a strong central, or general government, yet it does not necessarily result in weak provincial governments that are largely administrative agencies for central policies. Indian federation has demonstrated this.”(Granville Austin) Examine the uniqueness of Indian federalism in the light of the above statement. 20m

·       2013: Examine the significance of the verdicts of the Supreme Court in the Golaknath and Keshavananda Bharati cases for an understanding of the scope of Article 368 in regard to Fundamental Rights.  20

·       2014 : Increasingly higher focus on Directive Principles of State Policy  10

·       2015 : Discuss David Easton’s model of system analysis.  15

·       2015 : Secularism in the Indian Constitution   10

·       2015 : 99th Amendment of the Indian Constitution.    10

·       2015 : Discuss the efficacy of judicial review in india.  20

·       2015 : Critically analyze the discretionary powers granted to the Governor by the Indian constitution.   10

·       2015 : In the light of neo-economic policies adopted since 1991,examine the relevance of the term ‘socialist ’ in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.  20

·       2016 : (b) Explain Marx’s understanding of Human Essence and Alienation. 15 marks

·       2016 : (a) Critically examine the Radical Humanist perspective on Indian National Movement. 10 marks

·       2016: (c) Article 368 does not enable Parliament to alter the basic structure or framework of the Constitution’. 10 marks

·       2016: (d) The purpose of the 42nd Constitutional Amendment was to make the economic and social democracy explicitly visible. 10 marks

·       2016: (b) Critically examine the role of Governor in recent times. 15 marks

·       2016: (c) Discuss the Right to Information and underline challenges being posed before it. 15 marks

·       2017: (c) Differentiate between Freedom and Liberty. Discuss Marx’s notion of freedom. (15 Marks)

·       2017: (a) Differentiate parliamentary supremacy from parliamentary sovereignty. Would you consider the Indian Parliament as a Sovereign Parliament? Examine. (20 Marks)

·       2018: 5.(b) Indian Constitution is a “Lawyers’ Paradise’. – Ivor Jennings 10 marks

·       2018: 6.(a) Whether judicial activism has undermined or strengthened Parliamentary Democracy in India ? Discuss. 20 marks

  1. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
·      2009 : Critically examine the arguments being advanced for review of the present system of appointment of judges to the higher judiciary of the country. 30

·      2009 : Bring out the changing educational profile of the members of the Lok Sabha over the years, up to the present (15th) Lok Sabha. 20

·      2013 : Examine the role of Supreme Court as the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution.  10

·      2014 : Examine the debates on the appointment procedure of judges to the higher judiciary in India. 15 marks

·      2017 : (a) Judiciary has acquired the role of both, a legislature and an executive in recent years. Examine with suitable examples. (20 Marks)

·      2018 : 6.(b) Do the Lieutenant Governors have more powers than the Governors of the States ? Explain.15 marks

(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature, and High Courts.

  1. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
·       2001 : Indian democracy began with the unique advantages of an efficient civil service and a well organized political party yet its record is dismal. What are the causes for such poor performance (60)?

·       2002 : Bring out the common and unique features of the 73rd and the 74th amendments to the Constitution of India. Do you think that these amendments would contribute to the achievement of gender and social justice at the grass root level (60)?

·       2005 : Role of Gram Sabha under the Constitution (Seventy third-Amendment) Act, 1992     (20)

·     2006 : Highlight the impact of 73rd Constitutional Amendment on the working of the Panchyati Raj institutions in India (60).

·       2007 : The panchayati Raj institutions and district administration should develop a new relationship for achieving the goal of good governance.  20

·       2007: Discuss how far the grass root democratic institutions have remained successful in accelerating the process of rural development after 73rd constitutional amendment. 60

·       2013 : Examine the changing structure of Panchayati Raj instituions with special reference to the 73rd Constituiton Amendment Act.  20

·       2015 : Examine the role of Panchayati Raj Institution and Urban Local Bodies in deepening of democracy in India.   20

·   2016 : 8.(a) The goal of Good governance will be achieved only by strengthening the grass root level democracy. 20 marks

·   2017 : (b) Has the 73rd Constitutional Amendment empowered women in panchayats in India? Discuss. (15 Marks)

·   2018 : 5.(c) New Panchayat Raj is an effective instrument for women empowerment. 10 marks

·   2018 : 7.(a) Examine the provisions of Panchayat Extension Services Act (PESA), 1996. 20 marks

·   2018 : 7.(b) Analyse the arguments in favour and against the lateral entry into higher civil services in India. 15 marks

  1. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
·         2000: Women empowerment in India and its impact on democracy. 20

·         2000 : What are the salient features of Sarkaria Commission Report as regard to federal restructuring in India with special reference to autonomy demand by states (60)?

·         2002: Comptroller and Auditor General of India    20

·     2003 : Simon Commission  20

·         2003 : Union Public Service Commission   20

·         2005 : Make an assessment of the composition, functioning and the role of the Election Commission of India in the conduct of free and fair elections. 60

·         2006 : The Concept of Women Empowerment   20

·         2009 : The Functions, duties and powers of the appropriate National Commission as laid down in clauses (5) (8), and (9) of Articles-338 of the constitution.   20

·     2010 : (b) Upsurge in political aprticipation among the marginalised communities in the Indian General Elections during the last two decades.  15

·     2010 : 6. (a) Assess the effectiveness of the National Human Rights Commission in redressing grievances pertaining to human rights violations in India.  30

·     2010: (b) ” Minorities are the natural custodians of the secular state.” (D.E. Smith). Discuss.  30

·     2011 : Role of National Commission for Scheduled Castes  15

·     2011: Make an assessment of the role of the Election Commission of India in the conduct of free and fair elections. 30

·     2012 : Role of National Commission for Women in India

·     2013: Analyse the significance of Article 32 of the Indian Constitution.

·     2014: The role of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India in promoting good governance  10

·     2014: Discuss the working of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes to curb violence against Dalits. 20 marks

·     2014: Explain how the participation of women impacted the functioning of rural local bodies in India. 15 marks

·     2015: Structure and Function of NITI Ayog.   10

·     2016: (c) “The implementation of human rights is regarded as a matter of changing the conduct of States.” Comment. 15 marks

·     2016: (b) Comment on the emergence of Backward classes in the Indian Politics. 15 marks

·     2016: (b) Examine the objective and role of the National Human Rights Commission. 15  marks

·     2017: (c) Examine the role of the National Commission for Minorities in preserving, promoting and protecting the rights of minorities in India. (15 Marks)

  1. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
·         2000 : Shared rule to be as important as self rule in explaining the possibility of federal power sharing.

·         2001 : Factors for the growth of regionalism in India.   20

·         2003 : Mandal theory  20

·         2004 : Trace and analyse the co-operation trends in Indian federalism.

·         2005 : The discovery of Sovereign in a federal state is an impossible adventure (Laski).   20

·         2005: Explain the federal scheme under the Government of India Act, 1935. Why could this scheme not be implemented? 60

·     2005 : Impact of Globalisation on State Sovereignty.   20

·     2007 : Because the society is federal, the authority must also be federal (Laski).   20

·     2009 : Critically examine Hamza Alavis Formulation of the over developed state. 60

·     2009 : Inter State Committee.   20

·     2010 : 4. (a) Do you think that the modern nation – state has been declining in the wake of globalization  ? Justify your answer.        30          

·     2010 : (c) Inter- State water disputes.  15

·     2010 : (b) “Articles 2 and 3 of the Indian Constitution are inconsistent with the spirit of federalism.” 20

·     2011 : It is not constitutional law but political factors that ultimately determine Centre-States relations in India.  20

·     2012 : Demands for the creation of new States in India

·     2012 : Examine the efficacy of available mechanisms for resolving inter-State dispute in India.

·     2013 : Explain to what extent the concept of “one-party dominance”(W.H.Morris-Jones)model is relevant in Indian policy today. 20m

·     2015: Cooperative Federalism in India   10

·     2015 : Identify the contested areas i8n centre state relation in india.  15

·     2016: (b) Cultural and Regional differences are the enduring bases on which politics is played out in India. 10 marks

·     2016: (e) The philosophy and administration of the distribution of powers between Centre and State is required to be re-assessed. 10 marks

·     2017: (c) Indian federation has moved from cooperative federation to competitive federation.

·     2018: 5.(d) Implementation of GST and NEET is a major challenge to Indian federalism. 10 marks

·     2018: 7.(c) Discuss asymmetrical federalism in India. 15 marks

  1. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
·         2001 : Validity of the statement that most prominent among Gandhian principles are non-violence, adherence to truth and dignity of labour.   20

·         2001 : Impact of disinvestment and privatization on planning in India.    20

·         2002 : New Economic Policy (1991).   20

·     2002 : It is generally believed that federalism suffers in the system of centralized planning. Do you agree with this point of view? Would you advocate decentralized governance for India in the context of liberalization since 1991 (60)?

·         2003 : Pandit Jawaharlal Nahru comes before us as a great nationalist, Internationalist and Humanist. Discuss (60).

·         2004: Political reforms must precede and not follow social reforms (Tilak). Discuss.

·         2005 : Views of Jaya Prakash Narayan on Total Revolution   20

·         2006: Decentralized Planning   20

·        2007 : Nehrus View on socialism   20

·       2007 : Political reforms must precede not follow social reform Tilak. Elucidate. 60

·     2010 : (d) Economic liberalisation and uneven development among Indian States.  15

·     2010: (b) Do you think that post- 1991 reforms in India mark a significant shift from the Nehruvian model of economic development ? Justify your answer.  30

·     2012 : Examine the Gandhian idea of village community as an ideal unit of self-governance.

·     2012 : Critically examine Green Revolution as a strategy for sustainable agriculture development.

·     2013 : Gandhian perspective of development and its contemporary relevance.  10

·     2015: compare the Nehruvian and Gandhian models of development.  15

·     2016: (c) Examine Gandhi’s critique of Modernisation 15 marks

·     2016: 7.(a) Land reforms have failed in the eradication of rural poverty. Comment. 20 marks

·     2017: (e) In the post-liberalization era, Indian politics is moving from ascriptive politics to developmental politics.  10

·     2017: (b) What do you understand by Green Revolution? Do you think that a Second Green Revolution is needed to adequately address the agrarian challenges in contemporary India? Examine. (15 Marks)

·     2018: 8.(a) Examine the various causes of agrarian crisis in India. 20 marks

  1. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
·         2000 : Caste and religion as operative factors with Indian policy.   20

·         2004 : Cultural secularisation

·         2007 : the instability of national policies is due to rising influence of religious politics.   20

·       2009 : The OBC politics has challenged the nature of dominant caste politics in the states. Critically examine this statement and bring out your conclusion. 60

·         2011 : Indian politics has influenced caste and caste has influenced Indian politics. 20

·         2011 : Secularism in Indian politics is a myth. 20

·         2013 : Explain the phenomenon of ethnic politics in India in recent times.  10

·         2014 : Relation between ethnicity and democracy in India  10

·     2015 : ‘Identity politics has trumped development politics in india ’ Comment.  15

·     2017 : (c) Religion is still an important factor in Indian politics. Discuss. (15 Marks)

·     2018 : 6.(c) Critically examine the ethnic conflicts in North-East India. 15 marks

  1. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
·         2000 : Post-behaviouralism is not a negation of the behavioural revolution but only its corrective. How does it seeks to raise the status of the discipline of political Science (60)?

·         2000: Corruption in Administration in India and its impact on socio-economic reconstruction.    20

·         2003 : Identify the major pressure-group in Indian politics and examine their role in it (60).

·        2004 : Reserve discrimination

·         2004 : How far do regional groupings pose a threat to the stability of Indian political system?

·         2005 : Coalition Governments in India at the Centre since 1998   (20 m)

·         2006 : Do you agree with the view that Political culture of a society is highly significant aspect of the Political System? Give reasons in support of your answer (60).

·         2006 : Discuss whether coalitional politics has led to a different patterns of federalism in India (60).

·     2007 : Political process in a country is merely the manifestation of political culture. Elucidate 60

·     2009: Implication of the use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) on electoral politics.   20

·     2010 : (c) ” The principle of collective responsibility, a la the Cabinet system of government, has eroded in the contect of the emergency of coalition governments in India.”   20

·     2011 : Examine the significance of the behavioural revolution in politics. 30

·     2011 : Trade union as pressure group in Indian politics   15

·     2011 : Examine the changing pattern of electoral behaviour in India. 30

·     2012 : Examine the impact of coalition-politics on Indian political system.

·     2013 : Analyze the position of the Prime Minister of India in a coalition regime. 20m

·     2014 : Discuss the nature of reforms of the electoral process in India and explain the further scope for reforms. 20 marks

·     2014 : Explain how pressure groups have been influencing public policy-making with suitable illustrations. 20 marks

·     2014 : Account for the changes in the socio-economic profile of legislators during last one decade in India. 15 marks

·     2015 : Account for the rise of regional political parties and assess their role in contemporary India.   15

·     2016 : (b) The Post-Behavioural Approach. 10 marks

·     2016 : (c) Discuss the pattern of Political Parties from one dominant party system to coalition politics in national politics. 15 marks

·     2017 : (d) State subvention/funding may be an effective instrument in strengthening electoral democracy in India.    10

·     2017 : (a) India has moved from ‘one-party dominant system’ to ‘one-party led coalition’. Discuss. (20 Marks)

·     2017 : (b) How is the President of India elected? Outline the salient characteristics of the electoral college of the Indian President. (15 Marks)

·     2018 : 5.(e) Political personalities are more significant than political parties in India. 10 marks

·     2018: 8.(b) Explain the increasing role of regional political parties in the national politics. 15 marks

  1. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.
·         2001 : The women activists did not support Quota till 1974. What led to the subsequent change in their stand (60)?

·     2002 : Discuss the evaluation of the theories of human rights from natural rights to collective and environmental rights (60).

·         2009 : Explain as to why Jeremy Bentham dismisses the theory of natural right as nonsense upon stilts. 20

·         2009 : The environmental movements have challenged the policy and pattern of economic development in post independent India. Analyze with examples. 60

·     2010 : 8. (a) In what ways do civil liberties and human rights movements influence the working of Indian democracy ? Give your answer with suitable examples.     30

·         2012 : Discuss the impact of environmentalist movement on government policies in recent years.

·         2013 : Analyze the relationship between natural rights and human rights. 20

·         2013 : Compare and contrast Chipko Movement with Narmada Bachao Andolan.  10

·         2013 : Point out and comment on the historic importance of the document “Towards Equality(1974),for women’s movement in India.”  20

·     2014 : The dilemmas of the human rights movements in India   10

·     2014 : Examine the scope and limitations of women’s movements in India. 15 marks

·     2015 : Idea of Natural Rights  10

·     2016 : (c) Critically examine the provisions made in the Constitution for the protection of Environment. 15 marks

·     2018 : 8.(c) Critically analyse the environmentalist movement in Tuticorin, Tamilnadu. 15 marks