UPSC PRELIMS 2019 : Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM)

Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM)

Topic: Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM)

Topic in Syllabus: Science & Technology

 

Context:

Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM)

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is set to test-fire ASRAAM from the Russian Su-30 MKI and the Anglo-French Jaguar aircraft by the end of this year (2019).

The missile was shortlisted through a tender and MBDA was working with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on the integration.

 

ASRAAM:

  • ASRAAM is the British Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM).
  • It is a Within-Visual-Range (WVR) dominance weapon with a range of over 25 km.
  • It is air-to-air missile.
  • It is also known as ‘heat seeking’, because infrared is radiated primarily by heat.
  • It is designed and built by MBDA, UK to provide enhanced aerial combat capabilities for fighter aircraft.
  • It can also be fired at targets behind its aircraft.

 

Significance:

  • It accepts target information via aircraft sensors, such as radar or helmet-mounted sight, but can also act as an autonomous infrared search and track system.
  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) is looking to adopt ASRAAM across its fighter fleet.
  • This plan is to bridge the missile gap between the IAF and the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), which displayed an edge during the 27 February dogfight.

 

Sample Question:

ASRAAM which recently appeared in news is a

a. welfare mission for the destitute

b. short range air to air missile

c. Russian submarine

d. None of the above

 

Answer : b