UPSC PRELIMS 2019 : Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative- LaQshya

Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative- LaQshya

Topic: Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative- LaQshya

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society



Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative- LaQshya

Government of India has launched “LaQshya” (Labour room Quality improvement Initiative) to improve quality of care in labour room and maternity operation theatres in public health facilities.



India has come a long way in improving maternal survival as Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) has reduced from 167 in 2011-13 to 130 in 2014-16, an impressive decline of 22% in the last few years.

India is further committed to ensuring safe motherhood to every pregnant woman in the country.



  • To reduce maternal and newborn mortality & morbidity due to hemorrhage, retained placenta, preterm, preeclampsia and eclampsia, obstructed labour, puerperal sepsis, newborn asphyxia, and newborn sepsis, etc.
  • To improve Quality of care during the delivery and immediate post-partum care, stabilization of complications and ensure timely referrals, and enable an effective two-way follow-up system.
  • To enhance satisfaction of beneficiaries visiting the health facilities and provide Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) to all pregnant women attending the public health facilities.


Healthcare facilities have been identified for implementation of LaQshya program:

  • Government medical college hospitals.
  • District Hospitals & equivalent health facilities.
  • Designated FRUs and high case load CHCs with over 100 deliveries/month ( 60 in hills and desert areas)



  • It is being implemented at all Medical College Hospitals, District Hospitals and First Referral Unit (FRU), and Community Health Center (CHCs) and will benefit every pregnant woman and new-born delivering in public health institutions.
  • It aims at implementing ‘fast-track’ interventions for achieving tangible results within 18 months.



A multi-pronged strategy has been adopted such as

  • Improving infrastructure up-gradation,
  • Ensuring availability of essential equipment,
  • Providing adequate human resources,
  • Capacity building of health care workers and
  • Improving quality processes in the labour room.
  • Dedicated Obstetric ICUs at Medical College Hospital level and Obstetric HDUs at District Hospital are operationalised under LaQshya program.
  • The Quality Improvement in labour room and maternity OT will be assessed through NQAS (National Quality Assurance Standards). Every facility achieving 70% score on NQAS will be certified as LaQshya certified facility. Facilities scoring more than 90%, 80% and 70% will be given Platinum, Gold and Silver badge accordingly.
  • Facilities achieving NQAS certification, defined quality indicators and 80% satisfied beneficiaries will be provided incentive of Rs 6 lakh, Rs 3 lakh and Rs 2 lakh for Medical College Hospital, District Hospital and FRUs respectively.

Maternal Mortality Ratio

  • The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth.
  • MMR is the annual number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.
  • Maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy.


Sample Question:

Recently the government has launched which initiative to improve quality of care in labour room and maternity operation theatres?



Answer:  D