UPSC PRELIMS 2019 : NASA’s First Astrobee robot– Bumble

NASA’s First Astrobee robot– Bumble

Topic: NASA’s First Astrobee robot– Bumble

Topic in Syllabus: Science & Technology

 

Context:

NASA’s First Astrobee robot– Bumble

  • Bumble becomes the First Astrobee robot of NASA’s to fly under its own power in space.
  • Bumble is a free-flying robot system that will help researchers test new technologies in zero gravity and perform routine work alongside astronauts aboard the International Space Station.

 

Astrobee Robot:

  • Astrobee robots can move in any direction and turn on any axis in space.
  • Astrobee plays a significant part in NASA’s future missions to explore the Moon and Mars.
  • Astrobee – Bumble and Honey launched to the space station, and the 3rd robot Queen shall be launched in July 2019.

 

Robots on Earth vs Robots

  • Robots on Earth rely on wheels, treads, or legs to get around, but none of those are any good in space.
  • The Astrobee robots are free-flying, able to zip around the ISS using small electric fans at the behest of ground control or astronauts on the station.

 

Uses:

  • NASA wants robots like the Astrobee series to serve as custodians.
  • They’ll perform some of the upkeep and assistance so that astronauts can focus on their missions instead of monotonous tasks.
  • They could be particularly valuable for long-term missions to the Moon and Mars, where personnel and time will likely be very limited.

 

Sample Question:

NASA’s First Astrobee Robot starts flying in the space, recently. It was named as;

[A].        Bunny

[B].         Robocop

[C].         Gerry

[D].        Bumble

 

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s robot named Bumble became the first Astrobee robot to fly under its own power in space. Astrobee is a free-flying robot system that will help researchers test new technologies in zero gravity and perform routine work alongside astronauts aboard the International Space Station.