UPSC PRELIMS 2020: Tamil Yeoman

Tamil Yeoman

Topic: Tamil Yeoman

Topic in Syllabus: State News

 

Context:

Tamil Yeoman

Tamil Nadu has declared the Tamil Yeoman butterfly species (endemic to western ghats) as the state butterfly.


Background:

Tamil Nadu is the fifth state in the country to announce its state butterfly and Maharashtra was the first in the country to announce its state butterfly (Blue Mormon) followed by Uttarakhand (Common Peacock), Karnataka (the Southern Birdwing) and Kerala (Malabar banded peacock or buddha butterfly).

 

Tamil Yeoman :

Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroathais) is uniformly orange in colour with a dark brown outer ring.

Also known as tamilmaravan which means warrior.

Tamil Yeoman butterfly species moves in groups in large numbers and are found mainly in hilly areas.

 

Significance:

Butterflies are significant for environment as they play the main role in pollination and food chain.

For many other species like birds and reptiles, butterflies become a prey.

 

Sample Question:

Queen Alexandra’s bird wing is a well known species of –

a) Butterfly

b) Cockroach

c) Beetle

d) Honey Bee

 

Answer: a