UPSC PRELIMS 2020: The World Day To Combat Desertification

The World DayTo Combat Desertification

Topic: The World Day To Combat Desertification

Topic in Syllabus: Ecology & Environment

 

World Day to Combat Desertification 

The World DayTo Combat Desertification

The year 2019 is the  25th anniversary of the Convention and the World Day to Combat Desertification. And the theme of the event is “Let’s Grow the Future Together”. And it is held in Ankar, hosted by the government of Turkey.

 

Context:

In light of the World Day to Combat Desertification (WDCD)-2019 the Union Minister also launched a flagship project on enhancing capacity on forest landscape restoration (FLR) and Bonn Challenge in India, through a pilot phase of 3.5 years implemented in the States of

  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Nagaland 
  • Karnataka

 

Aim of the project:

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in partnership with The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), through this flagship project aims to develop and adapt best practices and monitoring protocols for the Indian states and build capacity within the five pilot states on FLR and Bonn Challenge. This will be eventually scaled up across the country through subsequent phases of the project.

 

About Bonn challenge and India:

The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.

At the UNFCC Conference of the Parties (COP) 2015 in Paris, India also joined the voluntary Bonn Challenge pledge to bring into restoration 13 million hectares of degraded and deforested land by the year 2020, and additional 8 million hectares by 2030.

 

India’s pledge is one of the largest in Asia

Background:

The day is a unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality (LDN) is achievable through problem solving, strong community involvement and co-operation at all levels.

The Day was declared by the United Nations General Assembly in 1995. Many countries, groups and individuals celebrate and observe WDCD by organizing a variety of outreach activities and awareness raising events.

 

Rio Conventions of UN

United Nations has 3 Rio Conventions namely, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Established in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the only legally binding international agreement linking environment and development issues to the land agenda.

 

Significance:

The World Day to Combat Desertification (WDCD) is observed every year on 17 June to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification.

 

Sample Question:

Which technique is not being used to combat Desertification?

a) Satellite monitoring

b) Terracing steep hill slopes

c) Laws mandating irrigation practices

d) Education

 

Answer: c