UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : Article 371F

Article 371F

Topic : Article 371F

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Polity

 

Context:

Article 371F

Sikkim CM assures people of state that Centre will not interfere with Article 371F and also rejected any possibility of merger of Sikkim and Darjeeling hills,

Article 371F of the Constitution, is the result of the agreement in 1975 between the Union of India, the king of Sikkim and the State’s political parties

Article 371F (36th Amendment Act, 1975): To protect the rights and interests of various sections of the population of Sikkim, Parliament may provide for the number of seats in the Assembly to be filled only by candidates from those sections

 

Important Facts:

  • Articles 369 through 392 (including some that have been removed) appear in Part XXI of the Constitution, titled ‘Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions’.
  • Article 370 dealt with ‘Temporary Provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir’ which was read down recently by Presidential order.
  • Article 371, Maharashtra and Gujarat: Governor has “special responsibility” to establish “separate development boards” for “Vidarbha, Marathwada, and the rest of Maharashtra”, and Saurashtra and Kutch in Gujarat.
  • Articles 371A through 371J were incorporated subsequently.
  • Article 371A (13th Amendment Act, 1962), Nagaland
  • Article 371B (22nd Amendment Act, 1969), Assam
  • Article 371C (27th Amendment Act, 1971), Manipur
  • Article 371D (32nd Amendment Act, 1973, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
  • Article 371E: it allows for the establishment of a university in Andhra Pradesh by a law of Parliament. But this is not a “special provision” in the sense of the others in this part.
  • Article 371G (53rd Amendment Act, 1986), Mizoram
  • Article 371H (55th Amendment Act, 1986), Arunachal Pradesh
  • Article 371J (98th Amendment Act, 2012), Karnataka
  • Article 371I deals with Goa, but it does not include any provision that can be deemed ‘special’.

 

Significance:

All these provisions take into account the special circumstances of individual states, and lay down a wide range of specific safeguards that are deemed important for these states.

In these range of Articles from 371 to 371J, Article 371I, which deals with Goa, stands out in the sense that it does not include any provision that can be deemed “special”. Article 371E, which deals with Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, too, is not that “special”.

 

Sample Question:

Article 371A of Nangaland includes which of the following
i) religious or social practices of the Nagas
ii) Naga customary law and procedure
iii) administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary law

a) I and ii
b) ii and iii
c) all of the above
d) none

 

Answer: c