UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : Dindigul Lock & Kandangi Sarees

Dindigul Lock & Kandangi Sarees

Topic : Dindigul Lock & Kandangi Sarees

Topic in Syllabus: Heritage & Culture

 

Context:

Dindigul Lock & Kandangi Sarees

Tamil Nadu’s ‘Dindigul lock’ and ‘Kandangi saree’ gets GI tag.

 

Dindigul Lock:

The Dindigul Lock, Hardware and Steel Furniture Workers Industrial Co-operative Society and Amrar Rajiv Gandhi Handloom Weavers Cooperative Production and Sales Society now have the exclusive rights over these products.

  • The ‘handmade’ Dindigul locks were famous for their traditional design, safety and quality raw materials.
  • Government institutions such as prisons, hospitals and even temples use these locks instead of other machine-made ones.
  • Every lock is designed and possesses a unique style and it has its own special name.
  • Some varieties of the locks made in Dindigul are Mango lock, Door lock, Almirah lock, Export lock, Excise lock.
  • There are various categories of locks including brass, steel, mild steel painted chromium plated and galvanized lock.
  • There is also complete manual assembling with each lock having its own unique key code.

 

Kandangi Sarees:

  • Kandangi Sarees, are manufactured in the Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district.
  • They are characterised by large contrast borders and some are known to have borders covering as far as two-thirds of the saree.
  • Amrar Rajiv Gandhi Handloom Weavers Cooperative Production and Sales Society Ltd. filed the application for GI tag.
  • The sarees are being made in the town for more than 150-years.
  • Traditionally, Kandangi sarees were all brick-red, black and mustard, a combination that flatters any type of complexion.
  • The traditional Kandangi cotton saree is known to be distinctly characterised in the border by the design of temple checks.
  • The sarees exude brilliant colours like bright yellows, oranges, red and a minimal black in the traditional pattern of stripes.
  • They are made out of natural dyes and is known to be distinctly characterised in the border by the design of temple checks.

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statement/s:

  1. Dindigul locks are only made for temples
  2. Kandangi sarees are made from 100% cotton

Choose correct answer below

(A)Only 1

(B)Only 2

(C)Both

(D)None

 

Answer: D

Kandangi is a type of saree made from silk threads in Tamil Nadu state of India. Traditionally, Chettinad and Koorainad are two types of Kandangi saree native in Tamil Nadu. However, many new types of Kandangi are now introduced by Tamil Nadu government. Kandangi Saree received Geographical Indicator tag on 30th of August 2019.

Koorai saree is a modified version of Kandangi traditionally made from both silk and cotton threads in Koorainad region (currently named as OrurOranad (also named as Koranad) which is located near Mayavaram (Mayiladuthurai)) in Tamil Nadu. It weighs around 7-9 kejams (see:Tamil units of measurement).

The ChettinaduKandangi sari, introduced by Nagarathar community, is native to the town Karaikudi of Tamil Nadu state in India.

This style of saree, which has 2 borders and checked at its centre, is existed for more than 250 years old.