UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : Indo-Pak tensions

Indo-Pak tensions

Topic : Indo-Pak tensions

Topic in Syllabus: International Affairs



Indo-Pak tensions

Pakistan has taken the decision to downgrade diplomatic ties with India.

It comes a day after scrapping Article 370.


Pakistan’s Action:

  • Suspension of bilateral trade,
  • Review of bilateral arrangement,
  • Taking India’s actions in Kashmir to the UN and
  • Observing August 14 in solidarity with Kashmiris.



  • Pakistan also decided to expel Indian High Commissioner in Pakistan and Pakistan will not send its High Commissioner-designate to New Delhi.
  • This is not the first time that India and Pakistan are downgrading ties,
  • In 2001, India pulled out it’s high commissioner after the JeM attack on Parliament.
  • Pakistan reciprocated by pulling out its high commissioner.
  • In 2003, India expelled Deputy high commissioner and Pakistan’s acting high commissioner, accusing of espionage.
  • Pakistan retaliated by sending back the Indian acting high commissioner.
  • India also suspended air, train and bus links to Pakistan.


Trade Impact:

  • India-Pakistan official bilateral trade –
  • It is worth about $2 billion.
  • It peaked to about $ 5 billion, but fell after the Uri attack.
  • A little to slump again due to the 200% duty imposed on imports from Pakistan after the Pulwama attack.
  • India’s top exports to Pakistan are chemicals and textiles.
  • It accounts for almost 70 per cent of the bilateral trade.
  • Pakistan’s top exports to India are vegetable fats and oils, and minerals.
  • It accounts for about 70 per cent of its trade with India.


Sample Question:

Consider the following statement/s:

  1. The Changa Manga forest in Pakistan is the world’s largest man-made forest.
  2. Gwadar port in Pakistan is the largest deep sea port in the world.
  3. Gol Masjid is the largest Single Dome Mosque in the world and is located in Karachi, Pakistan.


Which of the above statement/s is/are Correct?

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 1 and 3 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. All of the Above


Answer: d