UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : Notifiable Diseases

Notifiable Diseases

Topic : Notifiable Diseases

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society

 

Context:

Notifiable Diseases

A month after Union Health Minister asked the Delhi government to make malaria and dengue notifiable diseases, the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) has initiated the work to notify malaria in Delhi.

 

Notifiable disease:

A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities.

The World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations, 1969 require disease reporting to the WHO in order to help with its global surveillance and advisory role.

 

Steps:

Registered medical practitioners need to notify such diseases in a proper form within three days, or notify verbally via phone within 24 hours depending on the urgency of the situation.

The onus of notifying any disease and the implementation lies with the state government. Any failure to report a notifiable disease is a criminal offence and the state government can take necessary actions against defaulters.

 

Which diseases are notifiable disease?

The Centre has notified several diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, encephalitis, leprosy, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), plague, tuberculosis, AIDS, hepatitis, measles, yellow fever, malaria dengue, etc.

Other notifiable diseases in India

 

Significance:

  • This reporting allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.
  • The process helps the government keep track and formulate a plan for elimination and control. In less infectious conditions, it improves information about the burden and distribution of disease.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the following is the back bone in disease prevention?

a. Epidemeology

b. Demography

c. Vital Statistics

d. Health Statistics

 

Answer: a