UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : Odisha gets GI tag for Rasagola,demands for ChhenaPoda and Arisa

Odisha gets GI tag forRasagola,demands for ChhenaPoda and Arisa

Topic: Odisha gets GI tag for Rasagola,demands for ChhenaPoda and Arisa

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Geography



Odisha gets GI tag forRasagola,demands for ChhenaPoda and Arisa

Buoyed by the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to its famous ‘Rasagola’, the Odisha government will now push for the GI tag for ‘ChhenaPoda’ and ‘Arisa Pitha’ — the two traditional delicacies of the state.



  • West Bengal was involved in a lengthy battle with Odisha, which too had claimed Rasogolla as its invention.
  • While West Bengal believes that the Rasogolla was invented in Calcutta by confectioner Nabin Chandra Das, Odisha says it was invented in the holy city of Puri in the 13th century.
  • West Bengal in its application had provided proof of origin — historical records dating back to 1896.
  • According to one of the documents submitted by West Bengal citing historical evidence, Rasogollas invented in the Nadia district of West Bengal are 60 years old (lower end time frame). Haradhan, a confectioner of village Phulia is named as the inventor. West Bengal has given half-a-dozen historical evidences to back its claim.
  • On the other hand, the Odisha government is claiming that ‘Odishara Rasagolla’ originated in Odisha and is offered at Jagannath Temple as part of religious rituals by people of Odisha since the 12th century.


 Geographical Indication:

  • A ‘geographical indication’ (GI) is a place name used to identify the origin and quality, reputation or other characteristics of products.
  • There are currently more than 340 GIs in India.
  • The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years which can be renewed from time to time.
  • The Appellate Board or the Registrar of Geographical Indications has the power to remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register.


GI registration confers:

  • Legal protection to the products.
  • Prevents unauthorised use of a GI by others.
  • Helps consumers get quality products of desired traits.
  • Promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods by enhancing demand in national and international markets.



  • Article 22 of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights agreement says unless a geographical indication is protected in the country of its origin, there is no obligation under the agreement for other countries to extend reciprocal protection.
  • Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
  • Products sold with the GI tag get premium pricing


GIs and international conventions:

GI registration is essential to get protection in other countries.

  • Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPR
  • They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the agreements concluded at the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
  • India, as member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO),enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 that came into force from September 15, 2003.


Sample Question:

Which of the following was awarded with GI tag?

1. Dharwad Pedha
2. Tirupathi Laddu
3. Odisha Rasagolla
4. Bengal Rasagolla

a) 1,2,4

b) 2,3

c) 1,2,3

d) All


Answer: d