UPSC PRELIMS 2020 : SANKALP Scheme

SANKALP Scheme

Topic : SANKALP Scheme

Topic in Syllabus: Schemes & Programmes

 

Context:

SANKALP Scheme

  • Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) project focuses on skill development.
  • It is programme of ‘Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship’.
  • It is an outcome oriented project supported by ‘World Bank’.

 

Objectives:

  • Convergence: Creating convergence among all skill training activities, both State-led and Government of India funded, at the state level.
  • Quality: Improving the quality of skill development programs through building a pool of quality trainers, developing model curriculum and content, and standardizing assessment and certification.
  • Evaluation System: Establishing a robust monitoring and evaluation system for skill training programs.
  • Inclusiveness & Opportunity: Providing access to skill training opportunities to the disadvantaged sections. Creating industry-led and demand-driven skill training capacity.
  • Similar to SANKALP scheme, the government has also launched the STRIVE scheme for skill development.

 

Key areas:

  • Institutional Strengthening (National,State&District level)
  • Quality Assurance of skill development programs
  • Inclusion of marginalised population in skill development and
  • Expanding Skills through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).
  • An award has also launched to promote skill planning at the district level, namely “District Skill Development Plan (DSDP) Awards”.

 

The key components of this scheme are,

National Skill Certification Body – An independent body for regulating skill assessment.

Unified National Accreditation board – A standard registration and accreditation criteria for trainers & training centres.

National Skill Research Division – It is an independent think tank with an objective to analyse labour markets to help make policies that suit the current trends.

Kaushal Mart – This is a consolidated Skilling Resource Marketplace which offers a credible platform for an exchange of skilling resources.

Takshila: National Portal for trainers – This functions as the central archive of information regarding the skill development of Trainers.

 

STRIVE: Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement Scheme

Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) scheme is a World Bank assisted-Government of India project with the objective of improving the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships.

It is a Central Sector Scheme, covering the following 4 result areas:

  1. Improved performance of ITI.
  2. Increased Capacities of State Governments to support ITIs and Apprenticeship Training.
  3. Improved Teaching and Learning.
  4. Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training.

 

Central Sector Scheme and Centrally Sponsored Scheme

India’s developmental plan is comprised of two types of schemes i.e., Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

Under Central sector schemes, it is 100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery.

Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the States in the ratio of 50:50, 70:30, 75:25 or 90:10 and the implementation is by the State Governments.

 

Sample Question:

The Sankalp scheme is for

a. Retired government servants
b. Retired defense personnel
c. Rural Youth
d. Urban Youth

Answer: a