Topic : States Reserving Jobs for Locals
Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance
- Many states in India are bringing in laws similar to the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in the Industries/Factories Act 2019.
- This signals a threat of parochialism (narrow outlook), affecting the larger economic interests of the country.
- India’s Constitution too guarantees labour mobility under Article 19 which says that every individual could freely move in and around the country and work anywhere s/he wishes to.
- In all, the free movement of labour and capital must move hand in hand for the evolution of capitalism under a democratic framework.
Why is diversity in recruitment essential?
- If the workforce from a particular region is identified with a particular set of skills, it is because of social, economic and geographical factors specific to that region.
- Labour contractors in infrastructure projects are aware of these aspects as they seek to maximise efficiency and quality.
- Organisations that pursue social diversity as a matter of policy (‘equal opportunity’ employers) too have experienced commercial success.This is because they are able to be responsive to the needs of an equally diverse marketplace.
- This is particularly true for sectors with a direct customer interface (such as Fast-Moving Consumer Goods, aviation and media).Nevertheless, it extends to other areas as well.
Threats in local employment?
- For the Indian economy, its diverse labour pool is a key strength.
- Given this, a few states seeking to disregard this advantage is an unhealthy sign.
- The states are likely to lose their productive edge in the process.
- increase the risks of labour shortages
- trigger a rise in unemployment
- aggravate wage inflation
- render labour markets rigid and incompetent
- exacerbate regional inequalities
It is also odd that States should erect labour market barriers at a time when the country is moving the other way.
India is increasingly removing barriers to inter-State trade and to the movement of capital across entities, by implementing the bankruptcy law.
- Cosmopolitanism has been one of the driving forces in India’s early industrial success.
- Be it Mumbai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad or other industrial townships created in the hinterland, the above has been true.
- When ‘outstation’ workers merge into the host populations, they initiate a social process that make societies more egalitarian, secular and tolerant.
Which has become the first Indian state to announce a 75% job reservation for local youth?
(C) Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh has become the country’s first state to reserve jobs for local youths. The state government has passed the Industries/Factories Act, 2019 which reserves 75% jobs in all the industries and factories running in the state.