UPSC PRELIMS 2020: ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’

Topic: ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society

Context:

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare has launched the ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign’, along with the National TB Prevalence Survey.

TB India Report (2019):

  • As per the TB India report 2019, 21.5 lakh cases of tuberculosis were notified to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in 2018 — a 16% increase from 2017.
  • He also launched an all-oral regimen kit for multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (TB) patients which does not include injections which are painful and can have side effects.
  • He also announced a partnership with the World Bank which is providing a $400 million credit for accelerating TB response in 9 states through private sector engagement and other critical interventions.

Awards:

  • Among states with a large population (>50 lakhs), Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat were awarded as best performers.
  • Tripura and Sikkim were recognized for their efforts among medium population (less than 50 lakhs) states.
  • Puducherry, and Daman and Diu were judged as the best performers among Union Territories.

TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign:

  • It has three strong pillars which include clinical approach, public health component and active community participation.
  • It aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country by 2022.
  • This includes preventive and promotive approaches and proposes potentially transformative interventions such as engagement with the private sector health care providers, inter-ministerial partnerships, corporate sector engagement, latent TB infection management, and community engagement.
  • The interventions will be accompanied by a comprehensive, mass media and communications campaign to generate awareness about the disease and the free treatment services available under the government program.

The National TB Prevalence Survey

  • The Union Health Minister flagged off a van for the National TB Prevalence Survey.
  • In all, 25 such vans will be part of the prevalence survey, which shall take 6 months and be carried out across the country.
  • This shall present national and state-level data, which will be used as a policy tool for further interventions.

 

Sample Question:

Health and Family Welfare Minister has launched ‘TB HAREGA DESH JEETEGA’ campaign . Consider the following statements regarding the same:

1) One-third of the people in the world have TB bacteria, and 10 per cent of them can become a victim of TB at any time.
2) Recently Malawi became the first African country to develop vaccine against Tb.
3) India’s new TB campaign aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country, by 2022.
Which of the above statements are true ?

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Answer: c