Weekly Current Affairs Mains (18th to 25th June, 2019)

Facebook’s new cryptocurrency- Libra

Weekly Current Affairs Mains  (18th to 25th June, 2019)

 

TOPIC: Public Procurement Policies

Topic in syllabus: General studies Paper 2: Indian Governance

 

Background

Public Procurement Policies

What is public procurement?

Public procurement refers to the purchase by governments and state-owned enterprises of goods, services and works. As public procurement accounts for a substantial portion of the taxpayers’ money, governments are expected to carry it out efficiently and with high standards of conduct in order to ensure high quality of service delivery and safeguard the public interest.

 

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Public Procurement Policies info graphic

 


 

TOPIC:  Leader of the Opposition

Topic in syllabus: General studies 2: Indian Polity

 

Background

Leader of the Opposition

With the formation of the 17th Lok Sabha, the question of a formally recognised Opposition party and Leader of the Opposition (LoP) of the Lok Sabha under the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977, will arise. The Act extends to LoPs in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

 

 

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Leader of the Opposition infograph

 


 

TOPIC: Simultaneous Elections

Topic in syllabus: General Studies 2: Indian Polity

 

Why in news:

Simultaneous Elections

Not even a month after the world’s largest elections in history were over, the debate around “one nation, one election” has been resurrected. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who had continued to flag the issue for the last five years, has now called for a meeting on the subject with leaders of other political parties.The Law Commission had recommended simultaneous elections to Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha and the local bodies as far back as in 1999.
The matter was examined by a Parliamentary Standing Committee in December 2015, and was also referred to the Election Commission of India (EC). Both supported it in principle.

 

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Simultaneous Elections Mindmap

 


 

TOPIC:  Bihar tragedy: Reasons behind

Topic in syllabus: General studies 1 :Indian Society

 

Why In news:

Bihar tragedy Reasons behind

While Bihar loses hundreds of children to AES(Acute Encephalitis Syndrome) every year, there were sharp spikes in 2012 and 2014, when 395 and 372 children, respectively, lost their lives. Through the years, AES cases have been reported from several districts in Bihar: Gaya, Patna, Aurangabad, Saran, East Champaran, Sitamarhi and Vaishali.
Encephalitis refers to an inflammation in the brain due to a viral or bacterial attack. It causes fever and almost never a drop in blood sugar. In the current epidemic, as well as in previous ones in Muzaffarpur, the doctors have marked cases of and deaths by hypoglycaemia (drop in blood sugar), which is unusual.

 

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Bihar tragedy_ Reasons behind Infograph

 


 

TOPIC: Data Localization 

Topic in syllabus: General Studies Paper 3: Security Issues

 

Data Localization

  1. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  2. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability.
  3. Cyber security related issues.

 

Context:

Common issues for discussion include opportunities for India in the growing digital economy, value addition in Indian GDP due to advent of e-commerce, understanding data flows from four aspects – privacy, security, safety and free choice, ownership and sharing of data, gains and costs of cross border flow of data and means to monitor use of data.

 

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Data Localization info graph

 


 

TOPIC: Facebook’s new cryptocurrency- Libra

Topic in syllabus: General Studies Paper 3: Indian Economy

 

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Facebook’s new cryptocurrency- Libra

Context:

Facebook has announced a digital currency called Libra that will roll out for use in 2020 and allow the platform’s billions of users across the globe to make financial transactions online.

 

 

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Facebook’s new cryptocurrency- Libra info graph

 


 

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