Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (20th to 26th December, 2018)

US confirms pull out from INF treaty

 

Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (20th to 26th December, 2018)

 

Topic: US confirms pull out from INF treaty

Topic in Syllabus: International Affairs

 

US confirms pull out from INF treaty

Why in news?

The United States of America will pull out of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, confirmed Russia’s deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov.

 

More about on news:

  • Washington publicly announced its plans to withdraw from the treaty (INF) already in October.
  • Through high-level bilateral channels it was confirmed to us that this decision was final and wasn’t an attempt to initiate dialogue
  • Moscow would take retaliatory measures if the US were to station missiles in Europe that threatened their security.
  • US President Donald Trump, in October this year, had announced the US’ decision to withdraw from the nuclear treaty.

 

INF Treaty:

  • The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty, formally Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles) is a 1987 arms control agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union (and later its successor state the Russian Federation).
  • Signed in Washington, D.C. by President Ronald Reagan and General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev on 8 December 1987, the treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on 27 May 1988 and came into force on 1 June 1988.
  • The INF Treaty eliminated all nuclear and conventional missiles, as well as their launchers, with ranges of 500–1,000 kilometers (310–620 mi) (short-range) and 1,000–5,500 km (620–3,420 mi) (intermediate-range).
  • The treaty did not cover sea-launched missiles.

Missiles banned by the INF treaty

 

Provisions of the treaty

  • Under the INF treaty, the US and Soviet Union agreed not to develop, produce, possess or deploy any ground-based ballistic and cruise missiles that have a range between 500 and 5,500 km.
  • It exempted the air-launched and sea-based missile systems in the same range.
  • The INF treaty helped address the fears of an imminent nuclear war in Europe.
  • It also built some trust between Washington and Moscow and contributed to the end of the Cold War.

 

Drawbacks of the treaty:

  • It left the other nuclear weapon powers free to develop ground-based intermediate-range forces.
  • In the age of nuclear superpowers, it did not seem to matter.
  • Since then, many countries have developed missiles in the range of 500 to 5,500 km, including India, Pakistan and North Korea.
  • Nearly 90 per cent of China’s vast missile armoury — estimated at around 2,000 rockets — is in the intermediate range and would be illegal if Beijing were to be a part of the INF treaty.

 

Reasons for US decision:

  • Although the US cites Russian violations of the INF treaty as the immediate cause for the withdrawal, coping with China’s massive rocket force appears to be the more important reason for the decision.
  • The expansive Chinese land-based intermediate range missile forces threaten the American naval ships deployed in the Western Pacific and target US military bases in Japan.
  • The vulnerability of American military presence in the Pacific to Chinese missiles, in turn, undermines the credibility of American security commitment to its Asian allies.

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

  1. The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty signed between the United States of America and Asian counties.
  2. It exempted the air-launched and sea-based missile systems in the same range.
  3. The INF treaty helped address the fears of an imminent nuclear war in Asia.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 3 only

c). 2 only

d). All of the above

Answer: c) 2 only

 


 

Topic: Assam, Mizoram, Jammu and Kashmir and other Himalayan states stare at climate risk

Topic in Syllabus: Ecology and Environment

 

Climate risk

Why in news?

All the 12 Himalayan states in India are extremely vulnerable to global warming with Assam, Mizoram and Jammu & Kashmir topping the list, says a first-of-its-kind report prepared by the Department of Science and Technology.

 

More about on report:

  • The report Titled ‘Climate Vulnerability Assessment for the Indian Himalayan Region Using a Common Framework’,
  • The report submitted by IIT Mandi and IIT Guwahati in collaboration with Indian Institute of Science Bangalore presents a chilling vulnerability map and assessment for the Indian Himalayan Region.
  • The Himalayan ecosystem is vital to India’s ecological and economic security.
  • Himalayan communities have a large dependency on climate-sensitive sectors such as rain-fed agriculture and have a fragile mountain ecosystem.
  • The communities have limited livelihood options and experience higher marginalization because physical infrastructure is limited and there is a high dependence on natural resources.
  • Under changing and variable climate such constraints are likely to add to the vulnerability of Himalayan communities.

Vulnerability Index of 12 Himalayan States

 

The study is based on four broad indicators in each state:

  • Economic and sociological status of the people and their health,
  • Possible impact on agriculture production,
  • Forest-dependent livelihoods
  • Access to information services and infrastructure.

 

Climate Vulnerability:

  • States having low per capita income, low area under irrigation and low area under forests per 1,000 households and high area under open forests received a high vulnerability score.
  • Assam has the least area under irrigation, least forest area available per 1,000 rural households and the second lowest per capita income among the other IHR states, and thus scores the highest vulnerability score.
  • Based on this assessment, the vulnerability index was found to be the highest for Assam (0.72) and Mizoram (0.71), followed by Jammu and Kashmir (0.62), Manipur (0.59), Meghalaya and West Bengal (both 0.58), Nagaland (0.57), Himachal Pradesh and Tripura (0.51 both), Arunachal Pradesh (0.47) and Uttarakhand (0.45). Sikkim is the least vulnerable state with the index being 0.42.

 

Measures:

  • In response to the serious threats posed by climate change to the development process and the limitations that Indian Himalayan Region is facing, the Centre has a mission for the Himalayan region — the National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem.

 

Sample Question:

According to Climate Vulnerability Assessment for the Indian Himalayan Region Using a Common Framework, which of the following state has the least area under irrigation.

a. Meghalaya

b. Mizoram

c. Jammu and Kashmir

d. Assam

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: PM to open Buddhist site museum at Lalitgiri in Odisha

Topic in Syllabus: Art and Culture

 

Buddhist site museum at Lalitgiri in Odisha

Why in news?

One of the earliest Buddhist settlements in Odisha, Lalitgiri, where excavations have yielded ancient seals and inscriptions, has been converted into a museum. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated.

 

More about on news:

  • It is situated in the Mahanga Tahsil in Cuttack district.
  • It is hemmed between the Parabhadi and Landa sandstone hills in the standalone Assian hill range.
  • It will be the third site museum of the Bhubaneswar circle of the ASI after Ratnagiri and Udaygiri.
  • The three sites together form the Diamond Triangle of Buddhism in Odisha.
  • The museum complex is spread over 4,750 sq. m.
  • The building and auditorium are built over 1,310 sq. m. The complex has been constructed at a cost of ₹10 crore.

 

Significance of the place:

  • Excavations at Lalitgiri have yielded the remains of four monasteries, showing cultural continuity from the post-Mauryan period till the 13th century CE.
  • Tantric Buddhism was practiced at this site.
  • The centre of attraction is a relic casket containing corporal remains found inside the Mahastupta.
  • Huge sculptures of Buddha, architectural fragments of Viharas and Chaityas are arranged period-wise.
  • The central gallery is designed after a Buddha Mandala with a colossal Buddha image at the centre and six Bodhisattva images surrounding it.

 

Sample Question:

Which type of Buddhist tradition followed at Lalitgiri Site?

a. Vajrayāna Buddhism

b. Mantrayāna Buddhism

c. Tantric Buddhism

d. Esoteric Buddhism

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: Odisha’s KALIA to attack poverty

Topic in Syllabus: Schemes and Programmes

 

Odisha’s KALIA to attack poverty

Why in news?

Instead of announcing farm loan waiver like other States, the Odisha Cabinet on recently approved the Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) scheme amounting to ₹10,000 crore to accelerate agricultural prosperity in the State and to reduce poverty.

 

More about on scheme:

  • KALIA aims to make a direct attack on poverty by way of massive investment in the agriculture sector and making benefits reach the most needy through DBT.
  • Under KALIA an amount of ₹10,180 crore will be spent over a period of three years till 2020-211.
  • Crop loans up to ₹50,000 will henceforth be interest free, and the scheme will be reviewed in 2020-21 for further modifications.
  • KALIA scheme covers the cultivators, loanee, as well as non-loanee farmers, share croppers and landless agricultural labourers.
  • It also specifically takes care of vulnerable agricultural families identified through gram panchayats and crop loans are made available at 0% interest.

Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA)

 

The KALIA scheme has five interventions:

 

Support to cultivators for cultivations:

  • All the small and marginal farmers of the sate (over 30 lakhs) will be covered under this scheme.
  • An amount of Rs 10,000 per family at Rs 5,000 each for Kharif and Rabi seasons shall be provided as financial assistance for taking up cultivation.
  • Farmers will have complete independence to take up interventions as per their needs. This will cover 91 percent of the cultivators of the state. This component is not linked to the extent of land owned.
  • Thus it is progressive in nature. It will greatly benefit sharecroppers, actual cultivators most of whom own very small extents of land.
  • Further, this assistance is for five cropping seasons spanning three years from 2018-19 to 2021-22 so as to ensure comprehensive coverage.

 

Livelihood Support for Landless Households:

  • Most of the schemes on agriculture bypass landless agriculture households. Under this initiative, 10 lakh landless household will be supported with a unit cost of Rs 12,500 to take activities like small goat rearing units, mini layer units, duckery units, fishery kits for fishermen and women, mushroom cultivation and beekeeping.
  • The landless households will have the option of selecting any on the units. Among others, this will particularly benefit Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe households. An amount of Rs 1250 crores will be utilized in three years.
  • KALIA is progressive, inclusive and will make a direct attack on poverty by way of massive investment in this sector and making benefits reach the neediest through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode.

 

Financial Assistance to Vulnerable Agriculture Households and Landless Labourers:

  • Sometimes, farmers may not be able to take up cultivation and some of the landless agricultural labourers may not be able to avail livelihood options due to old age, disability, disease or other reasons.
  • An annual financial assistance of Rs 10,000 per households will be provided to take care of their sustenance.
  • Deserving families will be identified and selected by Gram Panchyats. About 10 lakh household will be covered over two years under this scheme at a cost of Rs 1000 crores.

 

Life Insurance Cover:

  • Life Insurance cover of Rs 2 lakhs and additional Personal Accident cover of Rs 2 lakhs will be provided to both cultivators and landless agricultural labouerers covering about 57 lakh households.

 

Crop Loans up to Rs 50,000 will henceforth be interest free:

  • Under KALIA an amount of Rs 10,180 crores will be spent over a period of three years till 2020-21.
  • The scheme will be reviewed in 2020-21 for further modifications.
  • KALIA scheme is historical in the sense that it covers almost 92 percent of the cultivators in the state and almost all landless agricultural labourers. Out of this, about 20 lakh have availed crop loans, leaving a balance of 12 lakhs farmers who have not availed crop loans.
  • Out of the 20 lakh loanee farmers, about 60 percent have regularly repaid the loans. Further, will entire gamut of sharecroppers and landless labouerers will not be covered under a loan waiver scheme.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the followings are correct with respect to Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA)

  1. Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) scheme is launched by karnatakaa government.
  2. KALIA scheme covers the cultivators, loanee, as well as non-loanee farmers, share croppers and landless agricultural labourers.
  3. All the small and marginal farmers of the state will be covered under this scheme.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 and 2 only

b). 1 and 3 only

c). 2 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: c) 2 and 3 only

 


 

Topic: NITI Aayog Releases SDG India Index: Baseline Report 2018

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

 

NITI Aayog Releases SDG India Index Baseline Report 2018

Why in news?

The NITI Aayog today released the Baseline Report of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index, which comprehensively documents the progress made by India’s States and Union Territories towards implementing the 2030 SDG targets.

 

More about on news:

  • The SDG India Index, which was developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Global Green Growth Institute and United Nations in India, was launched by NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman
  • NITI Aayog has the twin mandate to oversee the implementation of SDGs in the country, and also promote Competitive and Cooperative Federalism among States and UTs.
  • The SDG India Index acts as a bridge between these mandates, aligning the SDGs with the Prime Minister’s clarion call of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, which embodies the five Ps of the global SDG movement – people, planet, prosperity, partnership and peace.
  • The world is now into the third year of the SDG era. The SDGs are ambitious global development goals that address key aspects of universal wellbeing across different socio-economic, cultural, geographical divisions and integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development.
  • India’s National Development Agenda is mirrored in the SDGs. India’s progress in SDGs is crucial for the world as the country is home to about 17% of the world population.
  • The SDG India Index tracks progress of all States and UTs on 62 Priority Indicators selected by NITI Aayog, which in turn is guided by MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework comprising 306 indicators and based on multiple-round consultations with Union Ministries/Departments and States/UTs.
  • The Index spans 13 out of 17 SDGs. Progress on SDGs 12, 13 & 14 could not be measured as relevant State/UT level data were not available and SDG 17 was left out as it focuses on international partnerships.

 

Objectives:

  • The aim of the index is to instill competition among states to improve their performance across social indices as states’ progress will determine India’s progress towards achieving set goals by 2030
  • The SDG India Index is available via an interactive dashboard which has cross-sectoral relevance across policy, civil society, business and academia.
  • The Index is designed to function as a tool for focussed policy dialogue, formulation and implementation, moving towards development action pegged to globally recognisable metrics of SDG framework.
  • The Index also supplements NITI Aayog’s continuous efforts towards encouraging evidence-based policy making by supporting States/UTs to benchmark their progress, identifying priority areas and share best practices.
  • The SDG India Index will also help highlight crucial gaps related to tracking SDGs and the need for India to develop its statistical systems at National & State/UT levels.
  • This shall lead to the index evolving and becoming more comprehensive over the coming years.

Quality of Life

 

Rankings:

  • Himachal Pradesh ranked high on providing clean water and sanitation, in reducing inequalities and preserving mountain ecosystem
  • Kerala’s topped due to its superior performance in providing good health, reducing hunger, achieving gender equality and providing quality education
  • Chandigarh led in UT category because of its exemplary performance in providing clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, generating economic growth, and providing quality education.

 

Classification Criteria based on Score:

  • Aspirant: 0-49
  • Performer: 50-64
  • Front Runner: 65-99
  • Achiever: 100

 

Sample Question:

The Baseline Report of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index is recently released by

a). Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation

b). Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

c). Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

d). NITI Aayog

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: NABCB Accreditation Secures Recognition in Asia- Pacific Region

 Topic in Syllabus: International Affairs

 

NABCB Accreditation Secures Recognition in Asia- Pacific Region

Why in news?

The National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies (NABCB), India’s national accreditation body, has secured equivalence for its accreditation programme for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) Certification Bodies in Asia- Pacific region.

 

More about on news:

  • It has signed the Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA) of the Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) on 19 December 2018.
  • Any industry carrying ISO 45001 certificate with NABCB logo will be recognized in the Asia Pacific region.
  • The immediate beneficiary of this equivalence is the Indian Industry which is exporting products to various countries especially in the Asia Pacific region.
  • It can also be used by regulators for establishing confidence in certified units as Goa Government has done by accepting OHSMS certification under NABCB accreditation in lieu of annual audits under Factories’ Act
  • NABCB can facilitate export of Indian goods into the world market by attesting that these are certified as per international standards by competent certifying bodies.

 

Significance:

  • The NABCB accreditation programme is based on international standards, ISO/IEC 17021-1 and ISO 45001, applicable for OHSMS.
  • The recognition by PAC is based on demonstration by NABCB that it complies with international standard, ISO/IEC 17011.
  • NABCB is the third accreditation body in the Asia Pacific Region to become internationally equivalent in the region, the other two being the accreditation bodies of Hong Kong and Mexico.
  • This status signifies that the accreditation of certification bodies by NABCB for OHMS will be accepted as internationally equivalent.

 

More about Accreditation:

  • Accreditation reduces risk for business and its customers by assuring that accredited Certification Bodies (CBs) are competent to carry out the work they undertake within their scope of accreditation.
  • Accreditation Bodies (ABs) are required to comply with appropriate international standards and the applicable PAC application documents for the consistent application of those standards.
  • ABs that are signatories to the PAC Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA) are evaluated regularly by an appointed team of peers to provide confidence in the operation of their programs.

 

Advantages of Accreditation:

  • Accreditation has become an essential tool for getting acceptance of inspection, testing and certification done in India internationally.
  • It is referenced in many bilateral Free Trade Agreements like the India – Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement in which NABCB accreditation is a requirement for certification of electrical/electronic and telecom products.
  • Thus, accreditation eliminates technical barriers to trade and facilitates export of Indian products in world market.

 

National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies

  • NABCB, a constituent Board of the Quality Council of India, is responsible for accreditation of certification/inspection bodies as per applicable international standards under an international system of equivalence.
  • NABCB is internationally recognized and represents the interests of the Indian industry at international forums through membership and active participation with the objective of becoming a signatory to international Multilateral / Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MLA / MRA).

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies

  1. NABCB, a constituent Board of the Quality Council of India.
  2. It is responsible for accreditation of certification/inspection bodies as per applicable international standards under an international system of equivalence.
  3. NABCB is internationally recognized and represents the interests of the Indian industry at international forums through membership and active participation.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a). 1 and 3 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d) all of the above

 


 

Topic: States’ Startup Ranking 2018 Announced

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

 

States’ Startup Ranking 2018 Announced

Why in news?

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) announced results of the first ever States’ Start-up Ranking 2018 at an event in New Delhi today. DIPP began this exercise from January, 2016.

 

More about on news:

  • States have been identified as leaders across various categories such as Start-up policy leaders, incubation hubs, seeding innovation, scaling innovation, regulatory change champions, procurement leaders, communication champions, North-Eastern leader, and hill state leader.
  • DIPP consulted all stakeholders of the Start-up ecosystem and came up with 7 key reform areas as the basis of the States’ Start-upranking framework.An online portal was launched, which was instrumental in enabling States seamlessly submit their initiatives across these reform areas.
  • A total of 27 States and 3 Union Territories participated in the exercise.
  • Evaluation committee comprising independent experts from the Start-up ecosystem assessed the responses across various parameters.
  • Many parameters involved getting feedback from beneficiaries.
  • More than 40,000 calls were made in 9 different languages to connect with beneficiaries to get a real pulse at the implementation levels.

 

Objectives:

  • The key objective of the exercise was to encourage States and Union Territories to take proactive steps towards strengthening the Start-up ecosystems in their states.
  • The methodology has been aimed at creating a healthy competition among States to further learn, share and adopt good practices.
  • The entire exercise was conducted for capacity development and to further the spirit of cooperative federalism.
  • Awareness workshops in all States, knowledge workshops in leading incubators, pairing of States for intensive mentoring, international exposure visits to US and Israel and intensive engagement between the States with Start-up India team, and video conferencing have helped many States initiate effective measures to support Start-ups.

 

On the basis of performance in these categories, the States have been recognised as the Best Performer, Top Performers, Leaders, Aspiring Leaders, Emerging States and Beginners, as follows:

  • Best Performer: Gujarat
  • Top Performers: Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, and Rajasthan
  • Leaders: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana
  • Aspiring Leaders: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal
  • Emerging States: Assam, Delhi, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand
  • Beginners: Chandigarh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Puducherry, Sikkim, and Tripura.

 

Sample Question:

The recent first ever States’ Start-up Ranking 2018 released by

a). NITI Aayog

b). Ministry of Finance

c). Reserve Bank of India

d). Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: ICAT CertificationLaunched with High Security Features

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Polity

 

ICAT CertificationLaunched with High Security Features

Why in news?

The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar has launched the certification of vehicle and components with high security features. With the new high security features, it will become difficult to forge or counterfeit the ICAT certificate.

 

More about on news:

  • This is a first of its kind initiative taken by any automotive certification agency in India for enhancing the security of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR) certificates which include Type Approval Certificates (TAC) and Conformity of Production (COP) Certificates for vehicles, engines and components.
  • The new ICAT certificate format consists of nine new and unique security features incorporated in the certificate.
  • The most important security feature is the paper itself on which the certificate is to be printed as it is a special paper which is made especially according to ICAT’s specific requirements.
  • The unique features in the certificate include high security paper, printing using the ultraviolet ink, Troy mark, microprint, pantograph, reverse pantograph, secure code, print code and digitally printed stamp
  • ICAT is the premier certification agency authorised by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for providing testing and certification services to the vehicle and component manufacturers situated within India and abroad.
  • In addition to the certification services, ICAT provides extensive testing services for product development and validation.

 

The unique features in the certificate are as listed below:

  • High security paper
  • Printing using the ultraviolet ink
  • Troymark
  • Microprint
  • Pantograph
  • Reverse Pantograph
  • Secure code
  • Print code
  • Digitally printed stamp and seal of ICAT

 

Other features:

  • While some of the security features are generic in nature same for all the certificates), the other features are specific for each certificate i.e. the contents or the information covered through these features will be specific for that particular certificate.
  • Another distinction is that some of the features are visible only through ultraviolet light. The certificates will be printed using special printers which have been imported by ICAT for this very purpose.
  • With the new high security features it will become difficult to forge or counterfeit the ICAT certificate.
  • The event was attended by officials of SIAM, ACMA, OEMs viz. Maruti Suzuki, Toyota, Volkswagen, Honda Cars, Mahindra, and Tata component manufacturer’s viz. Denso.
  • ICAT is the premier certification agency authorized by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH) for providing testing and certification services to the vehicle and component manufacturers situated within India and abroad. In addition to the certification services, ICAT is providing extensive testing services for product development and validation.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT)

  1. This is a first of its kind initiative taken by any automotive certification agency in India for enhancing the security of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR) certificates.
  2. The new ICAT certificate format consists of ten new and unique security features incorporated in the certificate.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a). 1 only

b). 2 only

c). Both 1 and 2

d). Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a) 1 only

 


 

Topic: Integrated online training programme for govt employees launched

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance

 

Integrated online training programme for govt employees launched

Why in news?

An integrated online training programme to augment the existing training mechanism for government employees was Thursday launched by Union minister.

 

More about on news:

  • Integrated online training programme for govt employees launched
  • The programme, developed by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel, will make training inputs available to a government servant on-site and on flexitime basis.
  • It will augment the existing training mechanism with online module-based training coupled with certification.
  • This will make training inputs available to government servant on site and on flexitime basis.
  • The initiative aims at “Competent Civil Services for Good Governance”.

 

iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme)

  • The National Training Policy-2012 mandates that all civil servants will be provided with training to equip them with the competencies for their current or future jobs.
  • The current structure of training for Government servants including domestic and foreign training is mostly available to a very small section of the government servants.
  • However, consequent upon some recent initiatives undertaken by Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India aimed at providing training to cutting edge level functionaries in the Central/State Governments, significant changes have taken place.
  • The outreach of the existing training setup is very limited in view of the large workforce employed in various States/UT Governments.
  • The Integrated Government Online Training Programme (iGOT) launched by Minister will augment the existing training mechanism with online module-based training coupled with certification.
  • This will make training inputs available to government servant on site and on flextime basis.
  • Furthermore, the training will be focused and targeted to the requirement of the officials.

 

Advantages:

  • The e-Learning mode provides unparalleled opportunities for training to a large number of civil servants scattered all over the country.
  • The latest technologies make available vast resources of learning material and online courses, providing the individual’s enormous choices and flexibility in learning.
  • The online training programme through the Massive Online Open Courses mechanism would be a platform to bring together the numerous Government and other training institutions for providing a single point of access to the repository of training resources.
  • This will provide a broad training eco-system creating synergies across various premier training institutes of the country and will cater to the training needs which can encompass all the officials in the entire hierarchy of Central and State Governments.
  • This platform will ultimately build a large training eco-system.
  • The training courses under this programme will be accessible through DoPT’s web portal. Among the bouquet of Training Courses on offer through this initiative are those offered by MIT, USA too.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to integrated online training programme, consider the following statements

  1. Integrated online training programme only for govt employees launched.
  2. The initiative aims at “Competent Civil Services for Good Governance”.
  3. It will augment the existing training mechanism with online module-based training coupled with certification.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 and 3 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d)