Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (28th February to 6th March, 2019)

Cabinet approves Scheme for FAME India Phase II

 

Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (28th February to 6th March, 2019)

(Info graphic Summary at the end)

 

Topic: Cabinet approves Scheme for FAME India Phase II

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

 

Cabinet approves Scheme for FAME India Phase II

Why in news?

The Union cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the proposal for implementation of scheme titled ‘Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India Phase II (FAME India Phase II)’ for promotion of Electric Mobility in the country.

 

More about on news:

  • The second phase of the much-awaited and much-delayed Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (hybrid) Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme will finally come into force from April 1, 2019 with the Union Cabinet on Thursday giving its approval for the initiative.
  • The scheme will be in effect for a period of three years at a proposed budget of Rs 10,000 crore.
  • “The scheme with total outlay of Rs 10,000 crores over the period of three years will be implemented with effect from April 1, 2019,”
  • This scheme is the expanded version of the present scheme titled ‘FAME India1 which was launched on 1st April 2015, with total outlay of Rs. 895 crores.

 

Financial Implications:

  • Total fund requirement for this scheme is Rs. 10,000 crores over three years from 2019-20 to 2021-22.

 

Impact:

  • The main objective of the scheme is to encourage faster adoption of Electric and hybrid vehicle by way of offering upfront Incentive on purchase of Electric vehicles and also by way of establishing a necessary charging Infrastructure for electric vehicles.
  • The scheme will help in addressing the issue of environmental pollution and fuel security.

 

Objectives:

  • Emphasis is on electrification of the public transportation that includes shared transport.
  • To encourage advance technologies, the benefits of incentives, will be extended to only those vehicles which are fitted with advance battery like a Lithium Ion battery and other new technology batteries.
  • The scheme proposes for establishment of charging infrastructure, whereby about 2700 charging stations will be established in metros, other million plus cities, smart cities and cities of Hilly states across the country so that there will be availability of at least one charging station in a grid of 3 km x 3 km.

 

FAME India Scheme:

  • The FAME India (Faster Adoption and Manufacture of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles) Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises in 2015 to incentivize the production and promotion of eco-friendly vehicles including electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles.
  • FAME India is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan. Main thrust of FAME is to encourage electric vehicles by providing subsidies.
  • Vehicles in most segments – two wheelers, three wheelers, electric and hybrid cars and electric buses obtained the subsidy benefit of the scheme.

 

Benefits under FAME scheme:

  • At present, the FAME scheme gives incentives to electric scooters ranging between Rs 1700 to Rs 39,000.
  • For three-wheelers, the incentives range from Rs 3300 and Rs 61,000 and for electric and hybrid cars, the benefits ranges from Rs 11,500 to Rs 1.43 lakh.
  • Electric buses cost about Rs 55 lakh less under the scheme.

 

Focus areas of FAME:

The scheme covers Hybrid and Electric technologies like Mild Hybrid, Strong Hybrid, and Plug in Hybrid & Battery Electric Vehicles.

 

FAME focuses on 4 areas:

  • Technology development
  • Demand Creation
  • Pilot Projects
  • Charging Infrastructure.

 

About Phase I of FAME:

  • FAME is designed to implement in a phased manner. Phase I of the FAME-India Scheme was scheduled for a two-year period between April 1, 2015, and March 31, 2017, at an approved outlay of Rs 795 crore.
  • But later it was extended to August 31, 2018. Approximately 2,18,625 Electronic Vehicles were ‘promoted’ by FAME I till July 2018.
  • The phase-I of the scheme is being implemented for a period of 2 years i.e. from 2015-16 and FY 2016-17.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to FAME-India Scheme, consider the following statements

  1. It aims to provide fiscal and monetary incentives for adoption and market creation of both hybrid and electric technologies vehicles in the country.
  2. Launched in 2014 under National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP)
  3. The scheme proposes to give a push to electric vehicles (EVs) in public transport

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: New NASA mission to study, forecast space weather selected

Topic in Syllabus: Science & Technology

 

New NASA mission to study, forecast space weather selected

Why in news?

NASA has selected a new mission that will help scientists understand and, ultimately, forecast the vast space weather system around our planet.

 

More about on news:

  • The new experiment will obtain global observations of an important driver of space weather in a dynamic region of Earth’s upper atmosphere that can cause interference with radio and GPS communications.
  • The Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE) mission will cost $42 million and is planned to launch in August 2022, attached to the exterior of the Earth-orbiting International Space Station (ISS).
  • Space weather is important because it can have profound impacts — affecting technology and astronauts in space, disrupting radio communications and, at its most severe, overwhelming power grids.

 

About Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE):

  • AWE is a Mission of Opportunity under NASA’s Heliophysics Explorers Program, which conducts focused scientific research and develops instrumentation to fill the scientific gaps between the agency’s larger missions.
  • The AWE will focus on colourful bands of light in Earth’s atmosphere, called airglow, to determine what combination of forces drive space weather in the upper atmosphere.
  • It will be launched in August 2022 and will be attached to exterior of Earth-orbiting International Space Station (ISS).

 

Benefits:

  • The Explorers Program seeks innovative ideas for small and cost-constrained missions that can help unravel the mysteries of the universe and explore our place in it
  • This mission absolutely meets that standard with a creative and cost-effective mission to solve mysteries about Earth’s upper atmosphere
  • AWE was selected for development based on its potential science value and the feasibility of its development plans.
  • This proposed mission would investigate how giant weather storms from the Sun space, called solar particle storms, are accelerated and released into planetary space.

 

Need for this mission:

  • Studying space weather is significant as it can have profound impacts, affecting technology and astronauts in space, disrupting radio communications and at its most severe, overwhelming power grids.
  • It was earlier thought that only Sun’s constant outflow of ultraviolet (UV) light and particles, solar wind, could affect airglow region.
  • However, now researchers now have learned that solar variability is not enough to drive changes observed at this region and Earth’s weather also having effect on it.
  • Hence to understand this deeper, AWE mission will investigate how waves in lower atmosphere, caused by variations in densities of different packets of air, impact upper atmosphere.

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to About Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE)

  1. It aims to study and focus on airglow, a colourful bands of light in Earth’s atmosphere to determine what combination of forces drive space weather in upper atmosphere
  2. AWE is a Mission of Opportunity under NASA’s Heliophysics Explorers Program
  3. It will be launched in August 2020

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: Red sanders is now free of export restrictions

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Geography

 

Red sanders is now free of export restrictions

Why in news?

All red sanders farmers, who weren’t allowed to export their produce as the foreign trade policy prohibited it, now can. The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), an agency of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry recently revised its export policy to permit its export if it is obtained from cultivated land.

 

More about on news:

  • This is a great step taken by the DGFT which will benefit red sanders farmers.
  • However, red sanders remains listed in the Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
  • It shall be removed, as it was removed from endangered category of International Union for Conservation of Nature.

 

The dichotomy of trading:

  • Though a farmer can grow the tree, he/she requires permits to fell and transport the wood, which was difficult to obtain. Moreover, the price of this wood in the domestic market is less than half of what it is in the international market as the demand is low.
  • At the same time, the farmer could not even export it earlier as the foreign trade policy prohibited it.
  • Ironically, the Indian government had itself asked for quotas to export red sanders from CITES as the tree is categorized as a species that needs protection.
  • The Indian government should also create a separate Timber Development Board under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare as a single-window system for all farming activities to facilitate export process.

 

Why the restrictions?

  • The tree is endemic to several districts in Andhra Pradesh and some parts of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
  • But overexploitation prompted the Union government in the 1980s to recommend inclusion of red sanders in Appendix II of CITES, which says “trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival”.
  • The species was listed in Appendix II of CITES in 1995, and subsequently export of red sanders was prohibited in 2004.
  • In 2010, when the CITES was planning to suspend trade of red sanders obtained from India, the government submitted a Non-Detriment Finding (NDF) report saying it must be allowed to export from cultivated sources.
  • So in 2012, India got an export quota on red sanders from CITES, under which the country could export 310 tonnes of red sanders obtained from “artificially propagated” sources (grown on farms) and 11,806 tonnes of wood from seized sources.

 

Red Sanders:

  • Found in southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India.
  • This tree is valued for the rich red color of its wood. The wood is not aromatic.
  • The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic Santalum sandalwood trees that grow natively in South India.
  • Red sandalwood has been used for making the bridge and also the neck of the Japanese musical instrument Shamisen and in furnitures in China for its porch appearance.
  • There is an unsubstantiated belief that red sanders can absorb nuclear radiation. Its primary use, however, is decorative and ornamental.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the followings are correct with respect to Red Sander

  1. Found in southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India.
  2. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has now reclassified red sander as ‘near threatened’ from the earlier ‘endangered’.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: One Nation One Card: PM launches mobility card that will work across India

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

One Nation One Card - PM launches mobility card that will work across India

 

Why in news?

Prime Minister launched recently One Nation, One Card for transport mobility at a function in Ahmedabad.

 

More about on news:

  • It is the first National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) with which will be able to make multiple kinds of payments such as transport charges, including metro services and toll tax, across the country and withdraw money from the same card.
  • Among other things, this card will let you pay for all times of public transport using only one card all over the country.
  • This ‘One Nation One Card’ has been developed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
  • The Indigenous Automatic Fare Collection System based on One Nation One Card Model i.e. National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) is the first of its kind in India.

 

 

More about on One Nation, One Card:

  • These are bank issued cards on Debit/Credit/Prepaid card product platform.
  • The customer may use this single card for payments across all segments including metro, bus, suburban railways, toll, parking, smart city and retail.
  • The stored value on card supports offline transaction across all travel needs with minimal financial risk to involved stakeholders.
  • The service area feature of this card supports operator specific applications e.g. monthly passes, season tickets etc.
  • Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs brought to the fore the National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) to enable seamless travel by different metros and other transport systems across the country besides retail shopping and purchases.

 

India’s First Indigenously Developed Payment Eco-system for transport consisting of:

  • NCMC Card
  • SWEEKAR (Swachalit Kiraya: Automatic Fare Collection System)
  • SWAGAT (Swachalit Gate) is based on NCMC Standards

 

Background:

  • Public Transport is extensively used across India as the economical and convenient mode of commuting for all classes of society.
  • Cash continues to be the most preferred mode of fare payments across the public transport.
  • There are multiple challenges associated with the cash payment e.g. cash handling, revenue leakages, cash reconciliation etc.
  • Various initiatives have been taken by transit operators to automate & digitize the fare collection using Automatic Fare Collection System (AFC).
  • The introduction of closed loop cards issued by these operators helped to digitize the fare collection to a significant extent.
  • However, the restricted usability of these payment instruments limits the digital adoption by customers.
  • In order to ensure a seamless travel across metros and other transport systems in addition to retail shopping and purchases, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) came out with the National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) Program.

 

Automatic Fare Collection System (AFC):

  • AFC System (gates, readers/validators, backend infrastructure etc.) is the core of any transit operator to automate the fare collection process.
  • The major challenge associated with AFC system implementation in India till now is the lack of indigenous solution provider.
  • Till now, AFC systems deployed at various Metros are from foreign players.
  • In order to avoid the vendor lock-in and create an interoperable system, there was a need to develop indigenous standards and AFC system under Make in India initiative.

 

Committee was formed with representatives from:

`A committee was formed with representatives with an objective to develop the vendor agnostic interoperable ecosystem for NCMC including indigenous AFC System and banking interface.

  • National Informatics Centre (NIC),
  • Centre for Development of Advance Computing (C-DAC),
  • Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI)
  • the Ministry of Finance

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to One Nation, One Card

  1. One Nation One Card Model, is the first of its kind indigenously developed payment platform in India.
  2. ‘One Nation One Card’ has been developed by the Ministry of Transport
  3. These are bank issued cards on Debit/Credit/Prepaid card product platform.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 and 2 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: Independent Verification of Swachh Bharat Grameen confirms over 96% usage of toilets

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance

Independent Verification of Swachh Bharat Grameen confirms over 96% usage of toilets

 

Why in news?

The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, conducted by an Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G).

 

More about on survey:

  • The Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), has found that 96.5% of the households in rural India who have access to a toilet use it.
  • The NARSS also re-confirmed the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts/States.
  • The survey was conducted between November 2018 and February 2019 and covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across States and UTs of India.
  • The survey used the PPS (Probability Proportion to Size) sampling methodology, which yields results within a confidence interval of 95%.
  • Data was collected using the Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) platform.
  • The survey also covered schools, anganwadis and public/community toilets in these villages.

 

The key findings of NARSS 2018-19 are as follows:

  • 1% of households were found to have access to toilets during the survey period (the corresponding figure as per the SBMG MIS in November 2018 was 96%)
  • 5% of the people who had access to toilets used them
  • 7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF were confirmed to be ODF. The remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93%
  • 4% of the villages surveyed found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.

Key Findings of National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey

 

Agencies involved:

The IVA presented their findings to the Expert Working Group (EWG) constituted for oversight of NARSS, comprising representatives from organizations including the

  • World Bank
  • UNICEF
  • Water Aid
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • India Sanitation Coalition
  • NITI Aayog
  • Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation.

 

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin):

  • The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).
  • The mission aims to make India an open defecation free country in Five Years.
  • It seeks to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitised.
  • Under the mission, One lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees will be spent for construction of about 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country.
  • Technology will be used on a large scale to convert waste into wealth in rural India in the forms of bio-fertilizer and different forms of energy.
  • The mission is to be executed on war footing with the involvement of every gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and Zila Parishad in the country, besides roping in large sections of rural population and school teachers and students in this endeavor.

 

Implementation:

The key components of the implementation of SBM-G will include:

  • startup activities including preparation of state plans,
  • IEC activities,
  • capacity building of functionaries,
  • construction of household toilets,
  • construction of community sanitary complexes,
  • a revolving fund at the district level to assist Self Help Groups and others in providing cheap finance to their members
  • Funds for rural sanitary marts, where materials for the construction of toilets, etc., may be purchased.

 

Objectives: Key objectives of SBM-G include:

  • Improving the quality of life in rural areas through promoting cleanliness and eliminating open defecation by 2019,
  • Motivating communities and panchayati raj institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices,
  • Encouraging appropriate technologies for sustainable sanitation, and
  • Developing community managed solid and liquid waste management systems.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to Swacchh Bharat Abhiyan, consider the following statements

  1. The programme aims to eliminate open defecation by 2020.
  2. Under the mission, One lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees will be spent for construction of about 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b) 

 


 

Topic: The World’s Dirtiest Air Is in India

Topic in Syllabus: Ecology & Environment

The World's Dirtiest Air Is in India

 

Why in news?

Seven of the top 10 most polluted cities in the world are in India, according to a new study showing South Asia’s battle with deteriorating air quality and the economic toll it’s expected to take worldwide.

 

More about on news:

  • IQAir AirVisual and Greenpeace have released World Air Quality Report 2018.
  • Gurugram, in Haryana, topped the list with an average annual particulate matter (PM 2.5) quality of 135 g/m3 (micrograms/cubic metre), in 2018.
  • Delhi is the frequent fixture on global pollution hotspots — was only the 11th most noxious city behind Lahore, Pakistan (10th) and Hotan, China (8th).
  • The other cities in India that made the list of 20 were Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi, Noida, Patna, Lucknow, Jodhpur, Muzaffarpur, Varanasi, Moradabad, Agra, Gaya and Jind.
  • India’s annual guidelines range from 40-60 g/m3, depending on whether they are residential or industrial areas.

Dubious distinction

 

Global scenario:

  • Bangladesh emerged as the most polluted followed by Pakistan and India respectively.
  • Every single one of measured cities with data in the Middle East and Africa exceeded the WHO guideline, while 99% of cities in South Asia, 95% of cities in Southeast Asia and 89% of cities in East Asia breached this level.
  • Jakarta and Hanoi emerged as Southeast Asia’s two most polluted cities and average concentrations in the cities in China fell by 12% from 2017 to 2018.
  • Beijing ranks now as the 122nd most polluted city in the world in 2018 and China, the 12th most polluted country in the world.
  • Iceland emerged as the one with the cleanest air.

 

World Air Quality Report 2018

  • The report was compiled by IQAir Group, a manufacturer of air-monitoring sensors as well as purifiers and environmentalist group Greenpeace.
  • It relies on ground-based sensors located in 3,000 cities from 73 countries.
  • The main objective behind the report was to measure the presence of fine particulate matter known as Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5, which has been recorded in real-time in 2018.
  • Exposure to PM 2.5 pollution increases the risk of lung cancer, stroke, heart attack and respiratory diseases, including asthma symptoms among all age groups.

 

Impact:

  • Besides assessing the state of particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution in 2018, the Air Visual-Greenpeace report highlights a widespread but unequal distribution of PM2.5 pollution that widens the air pollution inequality between rich and poor nations.
  • The report does not mince words when it comes to brass tacks. Air pollution will take an estimated seven million lives globally in the next year, while costing the global economy nearly $225 billion.
  • It also notes the limited access to public information when it comes to air quality monitoring.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the followings are correct with respect to World Air Quality Report 2018

  1. The report was compiled by Worldwide Pollution Control Association
  2. Iceland emerged as the one with the cleanest air.
  3. The main objective behind the report was to measure the presence of fine particulate matter known as Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5, which has been recorded in real-time in 2018.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: Textiles Minister Launches Scheme for Development of Knitting and Knitwear Sector

Topic in Syllabus: Schemes & Programmes

Textiles Minister Launches Scheme for Development of Knitting and Knitwear Sector

 

Why in news?

Recently Union Minister of Textiles launched a comprehensive scheme for Development of Knitting and Knitwear Sector under PowerTex India in New Delhi.

 

More about on news:

  • There is an installed capacity of nearly 12,000 knitting machines under SSI fold and nearly 4600 knitting machines under non-SSI fold, besides a number of household knitting machines.
  • Some of the major clusters in the knitted garment sector are Tirupur in Tamil Nadu, Ludhiana in Punjab, Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh and Kolkata in West Bengal.
  • Tirupur is the most important export cluster, followed by Ludhiana.
  • More than 90%mof the garment is manufactured in Tirupur are exported.
  • TheMinistryhas approved combined SFC of PowerTex India Scheme and Knitwear Scheme with an outlay of Rs. 487.07 crores.
  • Out of this Rs. 439.35 crore is for PowerTexfor 3 years from 1.4.2017 to 31.03.2020 and Rs. 47.72 crores for Knitwear for the remaining period of 2018-19 and for 2019-20.

 

The main components of the scheme are:

Textiles Minister assured that to look into the demand for creation of knitwear mark to give quality assurance to the customers. The main components of the scheme are:

  • Creation of new service centers on Public Private Partnership (PPP) model by industry and association in the knitting and knitwear clusters.
  • Modernization and upgradation of existing power loom service Centers (PSCs) and institution run by Textile Research Associations (TRAs) and Export Promotion Councils (EPCs) Association in knitting and knitwear clusters.
  • Group work shed scheme.
  • Yarn bank scheme.
  • Common facility centerscheme.
  • Pradhan mantra Credit Scheme.
  • Solar Energy Scheme.
  • Facilitation, IT, awareness,studies, surveys, market development and publicity for knitting and knitwear units.

 

Significance of knitwear sector:

  • The Knitting and knitwear sector is predominantly MSME in size and mainly located in decentralized sector and is one of the major employment generator sector.
  • It also has a significant contribution on the exports of textiles.
  • Knitting is a major segment in the entire textile value chain.
  • Knitted fabrics contribute to 27% of the total fabric production in India and 15% of knitted fabric is being exported.

 

PowerTex India:

  • The Government has launched PowerTex India, a comprehensive scheme for powerloom sector development, simultaneously at over 45 locations in the country.
  • Launching the scheme in Bhiwandi, Thane district, Maharashtra.
  • Recalling that the powerloom sector alone employs over 44 lakh people, that the scheme will especially benefit small powerloom weavers.

 

The comprehensive scheme has the following components:

  • In-situ Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms
  • Group Workshed Scheme (GWS)
  • Yarn Bank Scheme
  • Common Facility Centre (CFC)
  • Pradhan Mantri Credit Scheme for Powerloom Weavers
  • Solar Energy Scheme for Powerlooms
  • Facilitation, IT, Awareness, Market Development and Publicity for Powerloom Schemes
  • Tex Venture Capital Fund
  • Grant-in-Aid and Modernisation & Upgradation of Powerloom Service Centres (PSCs)

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to Comprehensive Scheme for the Development of Knitting & Knitwear Sector

  1. The scheme will enhance the sector’s contribution to the nation building as knitting and knitwear sector is one of the major segments of the entire textile value chai.
  2. The scheme envisions the creation of new service centres on public-private partnership (PPP). model by industry and association in the knitting and knitwear clusters.
  3. Knitted fabrics contribute to 50% of the total fabric production in India.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: Ayushman Bharat cover for Uber cab drivers

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society

Ayushman Bharat cover for Uber cab drivers

 

Why in news?

The Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) has joined hands with Uber to extend health cover to their driver and delivery partners.

 

More about on news:

  • The facility will not be available in Delhi, Odisha and Telangana — States that have not joined AB-PMJAY.
  • About 30-40% of the driver partners would be eligible for healthcare services under the health insurance scheme.
  • Under the agreement, Uber, under its Uber CARE initiative, will help set up common service centres (CSCs) at Partners Seva Kendras.
  • The CSC’s entrepreneurs will verify eligibility and issue e-cards to drivers with benefits worth ₹5 lakh to each family per year.
  • National Health Agency CEO Indu Bhushan said: “Through this partnership with Uber, we hope to reach out to lakhs of people and their families in the driver and delivery community.”

 

Ayushman Bharat–PM Jan Arogya Yojana

Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). It is an umbrella of two major health initiatives, namely Health and wellness Centres and National Health Protection Scheme.

 

Health and Wellness Centres;

Under this 1.5 lakh existing sub centres will bring health care system closer to the homes of people in the form of Health and wellness centres. These centres will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.

 

List of Services to be provided at Health & Wellness Centre

  • Pregnancy care and maternal health services
  • Neonatal and infant health services
  • Child health
  • Chronic communicable diseases
  • Non-communicable diseases
  • Management of mental illness
  • Dental care
  • Eye care
  • Geriatric care Emergency medicine

 

National Health Protection Mission (AB-PMJAY):

 

Benefits

  • AB-PMJAY provides a defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. This cover will take care of almost all secondary care and most of tertiary care procedures.
  • To ensure that nobody is left out (especially women, children and elderly) there will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
  • The benefit cover will also include pre and post-hospitalisation expenses. All pre-existing conditions will be covered from day one of the policy. A defined transport allowance per hospitalization will also be paid to the beneficiary.
  • Benefits of the scheme are portable across the country and a beneficiary covered under the scheme will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public/private empanelled hospitals across the country.

 

Eligibility criteria

AB-PMJAY is an entitlement based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the SECC database.

The different categories in rural and urban areas include:

  • families having only one room with kucha walls and kucha roof;
  • families having no adult member between age 16 to 59;
  • female headed households with no adult male member between age 16 to 59;
  • disabled member and no able bodied adult member in the family;
  • SC/ST households;
  • landless households deriving major part of their income from manual casual labour,
  • families in rural areas having any one of the following: households without shelter, destitute, living on alms, manual scavenger families, primitive tribal groups, legally released bonded labour.

 

Process of availing care under PM-JAY:

Process of availing care under PM-JAY

 

Sample Question:

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to Ayushman Bharat Programme

  1. It aims to provide insurance of up to 10 lakh rupees to each family.
  2. The new scheme also intends to improve secondary and tertiary healthcare services for crores of Indians.
  3. This will be the world’s largest government funded health care programme.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 2 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: c)


Info graphic Summary


Prelims Current Affairs - Info graphics - Mar6th