Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (3rd to 9th January, 2019)

Menstrual Hygiene Scheme

 

Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (3rd to 9th January, 2019)

 

Topic: “Green – Ag project: Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environment”

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

 

Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environment

Why in news?

The government has launched a Global Environment Facility (GEF) assisted project namely, “Green – Ag: Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environment benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes”.

 

More about on project:

  • This project has collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
  • The project seeks to mainstream biodiversity, climate change and sustainable land management objectives and practices into Indian agriculture.
  • The theme of the project is “Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environment benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes”.

 

The project has been launched in high-conservation-value landscapes of five states, namely

  • Madhya Pradesh (Chambal landscape)
  • Mizoram (Dampa landscape)
  • Odisha (Similipal landscape)
  • Rajasthan (Desert National Park landscape)
  • Uttarakhand (Corbett-Rajaji landscape).

 

Objectives:

  • The overall objective of the project is to catalyze the transformative change of India’s agricultural sector to support achievement of national and global environmental benefits and conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes.
  • The project will support harmonization between India’s agricultural and environmental sector priorities and investments, so that the achievement of national and global environmental benefits can be fully realised without compromising India’s ability to strengthen rural livelihoods and meet its food and nutrition security.

 

Global Environment Facility:

  • The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established in October 1991 to provide new and additional grants and concessional funding to cover additional costs associated with transforming a project with national benefits into one with global environmental benefits.
  • The GEF unites 180 member governments in partnership with international institutions, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector.
  • It is the largest funder of projects to improve the global environment and it provides grants for projects related to biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, ozone depleting substances, persistent organic pollutants and international waters.
  • GEF funds are available to developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of the international environmental conventions and agreements.

 

The GEF also serves as financial mechanism for the following conventions:

  • CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect recently launched Green – Ag project

  1. This project has launched by Global Environment Facility (GEF),  collaboration with the National Food Safety and Quality Service
  2. The project seeks to mainstream biodiversity, climate change and sustainable land management objectives and practices into Indian agriculture.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 only

c). Both 1 and 2

d). Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: Cabinet approves high level committee to implement Clause 6 of Assam Accord

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance

 

Cabinet approves high level committee to implement Clause 6 of Assam Accord

Why in news?

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister recently approved the setting up of a High Level Committee for implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord and measures envisaged in the Memorandum of Settlement, 2003 and other issues related to Bodo community.

 

More about on news:

  • This comes a week before the government is expected to table the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016.
  • The bill, which was introduced in the Lok Sabha in July 2016, aims to make crucial changes to the Citizenship Act of 1955. If passed, it would make undocumented immigrants – Hindus, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains and Parsis – from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh eligible for citizenship.
  • It would also ease the terms for naturalisation of individuals from these groups. Several groups in Assam have objected to the proposed amendments.
  • The committee will also examine the effectiveness of actions since 1985 to implement Clause 6.
  • Union Home Minister said the committee would hold discussions with all stakeholders to determine the required amount of reservation of seats in the State Assembly and local bodies for Assamese people.
  • The setting up of the committee will pave the way for the implementation of the Assam Accord in letter and spirit and will help fulfil longstanding expectations of the Assamese people.
  • It has been felt that Clause 6 of the Assam Accord has not been fully implemented even almost 35 years after the Accord was signed.

 

The Terms of Reference for the Committee are as under:-

  • The Committee will examine the effectiveness of actions taken since 1985 to implement Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.
  • The Committee will hold discussions with various stakeholders including social organizations, legal and constitutional experts, and eminent persons from the field of art, culture and literature, conservationists, economists, linguists and sociologists.
  • The Committee will assess the appropriate level of reservation of seats in Assam Legislative Assembly and local bodies for the Assamese people.
  • The Committee will also suggest measures to be taken to protect Assamese and other indigenous languages of Assam.
  • The Committee will recommend the appropriate level of reservations in employment under the Government of Assam for the Assamese people.
  • The Committee may suggest any other measures as may be necessary to protect, preserve and promote cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.

 

Government initiatives for Bodo community:

  • The Cabinet also approved a number of measures to fulfil the outstanding issues related to the Bodo community.
  • The Bodo Accord was signed in 2003 which resulted in the establishment of a Bodoland Territorial Council under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India. However, there have been representations from different organizations of Bodos to fulfil various outstanding demands.
  • The Cabinet today approved the establishment of a Bodo Musuem-cum-language and cultural study center, modernization of existing All India Radio Station and Doordarshan Kendra at Kokrajhar and naming a Superfast Train passing through BTAD as ARONAI Express. Relevant Ministries will take the required actions to implement these decisions.
  • The State Government will also take necessary measures related to appropriate land policy and land laws, besides setting up of Institutions for Research and Documentation of Customs, Traditions and Languages of indigenous communities.

 

Assam Accord of 1985:

  • The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985
  • A six-year agitation demanding identification and deportation of illegal immigrants was launched by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in 1979
  • It culminated with the signing of the Assam Accord
  • The accord prescribes deportation for everyone who entered the state illegally after the midnight of March 24, 1971.
  • It has been felt that Clause 6 of the Assam Accord has not been fully implemented even almost 35 years after the Accord was signed.

 

Clause 6 of Assam Accord:

  • Clause 6 of the Accord envisaged that appropriate constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.
  • Hence the Cabinet approved setting up of a High Level Committee to suggest constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards as envisaged in Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the following are correct with respect to Assam Accord of 1985

  1. The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985
  2. The accord prescribes deportation for everyone who entered the state illegally after the midnight of March 24, 1975.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a). 1 only

b). 2 only

c). Both 1 and 2

d). Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a)

 


 

Topic: Yarn Bank Scheme

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Economy

 

Yarn Bank Scheme

Why in news?

To avoid fluctuation in yarn price, government has launched a Yarn Bank Scheme as one of the component of PowerTex India with effect from 01.04.2017 to 31.03.2020.

 

More about on news:

  • The Scheme provides interest free corpus fund up to Rs.2.00 crore to the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)/Consortium formed by powerloom weavers to enable them to purchase yarn at wholesale rate and give the yarn at reasonable price to the small weavers to avoid middleman and local supplier’s brokerage charge on sales of yarn.
  • There is a 1% increase in power loom fabric production.
  • The estimated production of power loom fabric during 2018-19(Apr-Oct) is 22781 Million Square Meters (MSM) which was 22539 MSM during the corresponding period of 2017-18.

 

Objectives:

  • To provide interest free corpus fund to Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) / Consortium to enable them to purchase yarn at wholesale rate and give the yarn at reasonable price to the small weavers.
  • To avoid middle man/ local supplier’s brokerage charge on sales of yarn.

PowerTex India

 

Eligibility Beneficiaries:

  • Registered Co-operative Society.
  • Trust.
  • Company set-up under the Companies Act, 1956 as amended.
  • Firm set-up under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 as amended.

 

Eligibility:

  • Minimum 11 members required to form Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV).
  • The Members of SPV should be Powerloom Weavers, Master Weavers, Co-operative Societies, Private Entrepreneurs, NGO’s working for Powerloom Sector.
  • SPV has to provide Bank Guarantee to the extent of 25% of Govt. of India share.
  • SPV shall arrange their own fund equal to Government contribution.
  • SPV shall rotate the corpus fund including their contribution at least 4 – 5 times in a year.

 

Financial Assistance:

  • Government shall provide interest free corpus fund of maximum Rs 200 Lakh per yarn bank to SPV/Consortium.

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to Yarn Bank Scheme

  1. To provide interest free corpus fund to Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) / Consortium to enable them to purchase yarn at wholesale rate and give the yarn at reasonable price to the small weavers.
  2. Minimum 11 members required to form Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV).
  3. Government shall provide interest free corpus fund of maximum Rs 100 Lakh per yarn bank to SPV/Consortium.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: Cabinet approves ‘The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2018’ for revision in list of Scheduled Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance

 

The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill 2018

Why in news?

The Union Cabinet recently approved the introduction of a bill to modify the list of Scheduled Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.

 

More about on news:

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the introduction of a Bill namely The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2018 in the Parliament for certain amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 so as to modify the list of Scheduled Tribes (STs) of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The bill proposes deletion of the Abor tribe from the state’s ST list “as it is the same as Adi” tribe.
  • As there is no tribe called “Khampti”, the bill replaces it with “Tai Khamti” on the list.
  • The bill seeks to include the Mishmi-Kaman (Miju Mishmi), Idu (Mishmi) and Taraon (Digaru Mishmi) tribes in the list.
  • It also proposes inclusion of “Monpa, Memba, Sartang, Sajolong in lieu of the Momba” tribe.
  • The Nocte, Tangsa, Tutsa and Wancho tribes would replace the words “any Naga tribe” in the state’s ST list.

 

The following changes will be made in list of Scheduled Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh:

  • Deletion of ‘Abor’ in serial No. 1, as it is the same as ‘Adi’ in Serial No. 16.
  • Replace Tai Khamti’ instead of ‘Khampti’ at serial No. 6.
  • Inclusion of ‘Mishmi-Kaman’ (Miju Mishmi), Idu (Mishmi) and Taraon (Digaru Mishmi) in serial No. 8.
  • Inclusion of Monpa, Memba, Sartang, Sajolong (Miji) in serial No. 9 in lieu of ‘Momba’.
  • Inclusion of ‘Nocte’, “Tangsa’, Tutsa’, ‘Wancho’ in lieu of ‘Any Naga Tribes’ in serial No. 10 in list of Scheduled Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.

 

The rationale for the proposed amendments are:

  • Deletion of Abor – Removal of duplication
  • Replace Khampti – There is no tribe called ‘Khampti’
  • Inclusion of Mishmi-Kaman, Idu and Taraon – Existing entry is only of ‘Mishmi’. There is reportedly no such community.
  • Inclusion of Monpa, Memba, Sartang, Wancho – Existing entry is of ‘Any Naga Tribes’. These are reportedly the only Naga tribes in the State.
  • Inclusion of Nocte, Tangsa, Tutsa, Wancho – Existing entry is of ‘Any Naga Tribes’. These are reportedly the only Naga tribes in the State.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to recently passed The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2018, consider the following statements.

  1. The bill proposes deletion of the Abor tribe from the state’s ST list “as it is the same as Adi” tribe.
  2. The bill seeks to include the Mishmi-Kaman (Miju Mishmi), Idu (Mishmi) and Taraon (Digaru Mishmi) tribes in the list.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 only

c). Both 1 and 2

d). Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: Climate Change Performance Index 2019

Topic in Syllabus: Ecology and Environment

 

Climate Change Performance Index 2019

Why in news?

The Climate Change Performance Index 2019 (CCPI), published on recently at COP24 in Katowice.

 

Key Highlights of the report:

These are the overall results of the Climate Change Performance Index 2019.

  • The ranking results are defined by a country’s aggregated performance regarding 14 indicators within the four categories “GHG Emissions”, “Renewable Energy” and “Energy Use”, as well as on “Climate Policy”, in a globally unique policy section of the index.
  • The CCPI 2019 results illustrate the main regional differences in climate protection and performance within the 56 evaluated countries and the EU.
  • No country performed well enough to reach the ranking very good in this year’s index, meaning that no country has yet made it to one of the top three places in the rankings.
  • In this year’s index, Sweden leads the ranking, followed by Morocco and Lithuania.
  • The bottom five in this year’s CCPI are Saudi Arabia, the United States, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of Korea and Chinese Taipei, scoring low or very low across almost all categories.

 

India’s performance:

  • India’s performance in the renewable energy sector has been hailed in a new global report on climate change but it cautioned against the country’s move to build new coal-fired power plants, saying that may pose a risk of offsetting positive developments it has made in the field of green energy.
  • India moves to rank 11 as a result of an improved performance in renewable energy, comparatively low levels of per capita emissions and a relatively ambitious mitigation target for 2030
  • Hailing India’s improved ranking in this year’s CCPI, improving its standing by three places compared to the previous edition, the report says “most notably India improved its performance in the renewable energy category, joining the group of medium performers
  • Comparatively low levels of per capita greenhouse gase emissions and a relatively ambitious mitigation target for 2030 give India an overall high rating in the emissions category.

 

Climate Change Performance Index:

  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch and Climate Action Network Europe.
  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument designed to enhance transparency in international climate politics.
  • Its aim is to put political and social pressure on those countries that have, until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate protection, and to highlight those countries with best practice climate policies.
  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) compares countries in the areas of emissions trends and levels, expansion and use of renewable energies, energy efficiency and climate policies.
  • The CCPI is a tool designed to enhance transparency in international climate politics.
  • On the basis of standardized criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 58 countries that are, together, responsible for more than 90 percent of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
  • 80 percent of the evaluation is based on objective indicators of emissions trend and emissions level. 20 percent of the index results are built upon national and international climate policy assessments by about 300 experts from the respective countries.

Components of the CCPI

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to Climate Change Performance Index 2019.

  1. The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by German watch and Climate Action Network Europe.
  2. India moves to rank 10 as a result of an improved performance in renewable energy, comparatively low levels of per capita emissions and a relatively ambitious mitigation target for 2030.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a). 1 only

b). 2 only

c). Both 1 and 2

d). Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a)

 


 

Topic: Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent girls Schemes

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society

 

Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent girls Schemes

Why in news?

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has been implementing this scheme for promotion of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in the age group of 10-19 years primarily in rural areas as part of the Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram.

 

More about on scheme:

  • To address the need of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls residing primarily in rural areas, Government of India is supporting the Menstrual Hygiene Scheme
  • Under this scheme funds are provided to States/UTs through National Health Mission for decentralized procurement of sanitary napkins packs for provision primarily to rural adolescent girls at subsidized rates as per proposals received from the States and UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans.
  • The scheme was initially implemented in 2011 in 107 selected districts in 17 States wherein a pack of six sanitary napkins called “Freedays” was provided to rural adolescent girls for Rs. 6.
  • From 2014 onwards, funds are now being provided to States/UTs under National Health Mission for decentralized procurement of sanitary napkins packs for provision to rural adolescent girls at a subsidized rate of Rs 6 for a pack of 6 napkins.
  • The ASHA will continue to be responsible for distribution, receiving an incentive @ Rs 1 per pack sold and a free pack of napkins every month for her own personal use.
  • She will convene monthly meetings at the Aanganwadi Centres or other such platforms for adolescent girls to focus on issue of menstrual hygiene and also serve as a platform to discuss other relevant SRH issues.

Menstrual Hygiene Scheme

 

This scheme encompasses the following:

  • Increasing awareness among adolescent girls on Menstrual Hygiene
  • Improving access to and use of high quality sanitary napkins by adolescent girls in rural areas.
  • Ensuring safe disposal of Sanitary Napkins in an environmentally friendly manner.
  • Provision of funds to ASHAs to hold monthly meeting with adolescents to discuss issues related to menstrual hygiene.

 

Information Education and Communication (IEC) Material Developed:

  • A range of IEC material has been developed around menstrual hygiene Scheme, using a 360 degree approach to create awareness among adolescent girls about safe & hygienic menstrual health practices.
  • It includes audio, video and reading materials for adolescent girls and job-aids for ASHAs and other field level functionaries for communicating with adolescent girls.
  • ASHAs across the country are trained and play a significant role in promotion of use and distribution of the sanitary napkins.
  • Department of Health Research, under the Ministry of Health, is involved in assessment of all newer, alternative, environment friendly menstrual hygiene products to look into their safety and acceptability features.

 

Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA):

Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) is a trained female community health activist. Selected from the community itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work as an interface between the community and the public health system. At present there are over 9 Lakh ASHAs. The ASHA scheme is presently in place in 33 states (except Goa, Chandigarh & Puducherry).

 

Sample Question:

Which of the followings are correct with respect to Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent girls Schemes

  1. It aims to Increasing awareness among adolescent girls on Menstrual Hygiene
  2. It Improving access to and use of high quality sanitary napkins by adolescent girls in rural areas.
  3. Under this scheme funds are provided to States/UTs through National Health Mission.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 1 and 2 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: Lok Sabha Passes Bill To Set Up International Arbitration Centre at New Delhi

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Governance

 

Lok Sabha Passes Bill To Set Up International Arbitration Centre at New Delhi

Why in news?

The Lok Sabha on Friday passed the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre Bill 2018.

 

More about on news:

  • The Lok Sabha passed a bill to set up a new international arbitration centre here with an aim to make India its hub.
  • It proposes to establish an international arbitration centre at New Delhi, replacing the International Centre for Alternative Dispute Resolution set-up in the year 1995, which is a society registered under the Societies Registration Act.
  • The New Delhi International Arbitration Centre Bill seeks to establish an independent and autonomous regime for institutionalised arbitration and for acquisition and transfer of undertakings of the International Centre of Alternative Resolution.
  • Speaking on the bill in the lower house, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the government wants to develop it into a world-class arbitration centre and India as hub of international arbitration.

 

Composition:

  • The proposed New Delhi International Arbitration Centre will be a statutory body, consisting of a Chairperson, two eminent persons having substantial knowledge in international and domestic arbitration, one representative of a recognized body of commerce, Secretary to the Ministry of Law & Justice, Finance Advisor and a Chief Executive Officer.
  • The Chairperson should have been a judge of the Supreme Court or High Court, or an eminent person having pecial knowledge and experience in the conduct or administration of arbitration, appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
  • The two eminent persons and the representative of commerce body are to be appointed by the Central Government.

 

The objects of the Centre are:

  • The objects of the Centre are— to bring targeted reforms to develop itself as a flagship institution for conducting international and domestic arbitration;
  • to promote research and study, providing teaching and training, and organizing conferences and seminars in arbitration, conciliation, mediation and other alternative dispute resolution matters;
  • to provide facilities and administrative assistance for conciliation, mediation and arbitral proceedings;
  • to maintain panels of accredited arbitrators, conciliators and mediators both at national and international level or specialists such as surveyors and investigators;
  • to collaborate with other national and international institutions and organizations for ensuring credibility of the Centre as a specialized institution in arbitration and conciliation;
  • to set-up facilities in India and abroad to promote the activities of the Centre;
  • to lay down parameters for different modes of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms being adopted by the Centre.

 

Sample Question:

According to recently Passed Bill Government planned to set up International Arbitration Centre at

a). Bangalore

b). Chennai

c). New Delhi

d). Mumbai

Answer: c)