Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (7th to 13th March, 2019)

India Cooling Action Plan Launched

 

Weekly Current Affairs Prelims (7th to 13th March, 2019)

(Info graphic Summary at the end)

 

Topic: Cabinet approves “Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)”

 

Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)

Why in news?

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has approved the “Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)” for Flood Management Works in entire country and River Management Activities and works related to Border Areas for the period 2017-18 to 2019-20 with a total outlay of Rs.3342.00 crores.

 

Salient features FMBAP:

  • The Scheme “FMBAP” has been framed by merging the components of two continuing XII Plan schemes titled “Flood Management Programme (FMP)” and “River Management Activities and Works related to Border Areas (RMBA)”.
  • The aim of the Scheme is to assist the State Governments to provide reasonable degree of protection against floods in critical areas by adopting optimum combination of structural and non-structural measures and enhancing capabilities of State / Central Government officials    in    related  
  • The works under the scheme will protect valuable land from erosion and flooding and help in maintaining peace along the border.
  • The Scheme aims at completion of the on-going projects already approved under FMP. Further, the scheme also caters to Hydro-meteorological observations and Flood Forecasting on common rivers with the neighbouring countries.
  • The Scheme also includes survey and investigations, preparation of DPR etc. of water resources projects on the common rivers with neighbouring countries like Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project, Sapta Kosi-Sun Kosi Projects in Nepal which would benefit both countries.

 

Flood Management and Border Area Management

 

Benefits:

  • The FMBAP Scheme will be implemented throughout the country for effective flood management, erosion control and anti-sea erosion.
  • The proposal will benefit towns, villages, industrial establishments, communication links, agricultural fields, infrastructure etc. from floods and erosion in the country.
  • The catchment area treatment works will help in reduction of sediment load into rivers.

 

Funding pattern:

  • The funding pattern for FM Component for works in general category States will continue to be 50% (Centre) : 50% (State) and for projects of North Eastern States, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, the funding pattern will continue to be 70% (Centre) : 30% (State).
  • RMBA component being specific to activities in border areas with neighbouring countries and in accordance with bilateral mechanisms, the projects / works will continue to be funded as 100% grant-in-aid / central assistance.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the following statements are correct with respect to Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)

  1. The works under the scheme will protect valuable land from erosion and flooding and help in maintaining peace along the border.
  2. The Scheme “FMBAP” has been framed by merging the components of two continuing XII Plan schemes titled “Flood Management Programme (FMP)” and “River Management Activities and Works related to Border Areas (RMBA)”.
  3. The Scheme aims at completion of the on-going projects already approved under FMP.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: NABL launches Quality Assurance Scheme for Basic Composite Medical Laboratories

 

NABL launches Quality Assurance Scheme for Basic Composite Medical Laboratories

Why in news?

For sensitizing small laboratories to basic doable quality practices, NABL has launched another voluntary scheme called Quality Assurance Scheme (QAS) for Basic Composite (BC) Medical Laboratories (Entry Level).

 

More about on news:

  • The laboratories performing only basic routine tests like blood glucose, blood counts, and rapid tests for common infections, liver & kidney function tests and routine tests of urine will be eligible to apply under this scheme.
  • To encourage small pathology laboratories, the base criterion of the scheme is based on the requirements enlisted in Gazette notification dated 18th May, 2018 by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) to amend Clinical Establishments (Central Government) Rules, 2012.
  • The scheme requires minimal documentation and a nominal fee has been prescribed for availing the scheme.
  • Components of competence assessment have been added for assuring quality and validity of test results.

 

Salient features of the scheme:

  • The scheme will help to bring quality at the grass root level of India’s health system where laboratories follow the imperatives of quality in all their processes.
  • This will inculcate the habit of quality and facilitate the laboratories to achieve benchmark accreditation of ISO 15189 over a period of time.
  • The laboratories may upgrade to accreditation as per ISO 15189 at any point of time.
  • Successful laboratories will be issued a certificate of compliance to QAS BC scheme by NABL and they will be allowed to use a distinct symbol on the test reports as a mark of endorsement to the basic standard for a defined time frame before which they will have to transition to full accreditation as per ISO 15189.

 

Significance:

  • To familiarize and encourage more and more small labs, even in the remotest part of the country, to avail the scheme, NABL will organize awareness programs in various cities of India.
  • The scheme is expected to bring transformational change in more than 5000 laboratories over the next 5 years and to transform them into labs providing quality service.
  • Through this scheme, patients availing services of small labs in primary health centers, community health centers, doctor’s clinic, standalone small labs, labs in small nursing homes will also have access to quality lab results.

 

Objectives:

  • The scheme will help to bring quality at the grass root level of India’s health system where laboratories follow the imperatives of quality in all their processes.
  • Through this scheme, patients availing services of small labs in primary health centers, community health centers, doctor’s clinic etc. will also have access to quality lab results.
  • This scheme will enhance the intent of AB-NHPM of universal access to quality healthcare for majority of citizens especially those residing in villages and small towns by providing them access to quality diagnostics.
  • This will ensure end-to-end sample integrity leading to reliable test results and help laboratories to gain patient’s trust and satisfaction.

 

National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL):

  • NABL is Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) signatory to International bodies like International Laboratory Accreditation Co-operation (ILAC) and Asia Pacific Accreditation Co-operation (APAC) for accreditation of Testing including Medical and Calibration laboratories.
  • NABL is also having APAC Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for Proficiency Testing Provider (PTP) & Reference Materials Producers (RMP).
  • MRA are based on evaluation by peer Accreditation Bodies and facilitates acceptance of test/ calibration results between countries which MRA partners represent.
  • National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) is a constituent board of Quality Council of India (QCI) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.
  • Thus NABL accredited laboratory results are accepted across more than 80 economies around the world.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to Quality Assurance Scheme for Basic Composite Medical Laboratories, consider the following statements

  1. It is voluntary scheme.
  2. It is applicable to only laboratories performing only basic routine tests like blood glucose, blood counts, rapid tests for common infections, liver & kidney function tests and routine tests of urine.
  3. The scheme will help to bring quality at the grass root level of India’s health system where laboratories follow the imperatives of quality in all their processes.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 3 only

b). 1 and 3 only

c). 2 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d)

 


 

Topic: Release of Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)

 

Release of Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)

Why in news?

The Prime Minister, recently released the Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle, at an event in Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi.

 

More about on dictionary:

  • The project for compilation of “Dictionary of Martyrs” of India’s Freedom Struggle was commissioned by the Ministry of Culture, to the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) to commemorate the 150th anniversary of uprising of 1857.
  • In this dictionary a martyr has been defined as a person who died or who was killed in action or in detention, or was awarded capital punishment while participating in the national movement for emancipation of India.
  • It includes ex-INA or ex-military personnel who died fighting the British.
  • Information of about 13,500 martyrs has been recorded in these volumes.

 

It includes the martyrs of:

  • 1857 Uprising,
  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919),
  • Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22),
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34),
  • Quit India Movement (1942-44),
  • Revolutionary Movements (1915-34),
  • Kissan Movements,
  • Tribal Movements,
  • Agitation for Responsible Government in the Princely States (Prajamandal),
  • Indian National Army (INA, 1943-45), Royal Indian Navy Upsurge (RIN, 1946), etc.

 

Volumes of the Dictionary of Martyrs:

  • Volume 1: Parts I & II. In this volume, more than 4400 martyrs of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh have been listed.
  • Volume 2: Parts I & II. In this volume more than 3500 martyrs of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir have been listed.
  • Volume 3: The number of martyrs covered in this volume is more than 1400. This volume covers the martyrs of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Sind.
  • Volume 4: The numbers of martyrs covered in this volume is more than 3300. This volume covers the martyrs of Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura.
  • Volume 5: The number of martyrs covered in this volume is more than 1450. This volume covers the martyrs of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

 

Sample Question:

Consider the following statements with respect to Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle

  1. In this dictionary a martyr has been defined as a person who died or who was killed in action or in detention, or was awarded capital punishment while participating in the national movement for emancipation of India.
  2. It doesn’t includes ex-INA or ex-military personnel who died fighting the British.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a)

 


 

Topic: India Cooling Action Plan Launched

 

India Cooling Action Plan Launched

Why in news?

Recently Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change released the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) in a function in New Delhi.

 

More about on news:

  • India is one of the first countries in the world to develop a comprehensive Cooling Action plan which has a long term vision to address the cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand.
  • Cooling requirement is cross sectoral and an essential part for economic growth and is required across different sectors of the economy such as residential and commercial buildings, cold-chain, refrigeration, transport and industries.
  • The thrust of the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) is to look for synergies in actions for securing both environmental and socio-economic benefits.

 

Objectives:

  • The overarching goal of ICAP is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.
  • This will also help in reducing both direct and indirect emissions.
  • India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) aims to assess the cooling requirements and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use across sectors in next 20 years.
  • The plan includes developing a research and development innovation ecosystem for indigenous development of alternative technologies.
  • It also aims to map the available technologies to cater to the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies, and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies.

 

Goals:

The goals emerging from the suggested interventions stated in ICAP are:

  • Reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25% by 2037-38
  • Reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by 2037-38
  • Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by 2037-38
  • Recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under national S&T Programme
  • Training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission.

 

Benefits:

The following benefits would accrue to the society over and above the environmental benefits:

  • Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing,
  • Sustainable cooling – low GHG emissions related to cooling,
  • Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of produce to farmers, less wastage of produce,
  • Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection,
  • Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment’s,
  • Robust R&D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide push to innovation in cooling sector.

 

Sample Question:

Which of the followings are correct with respect to India Cooling Action Plan

  1. India is the third country in the world to develop document on Cooling Action Plan
  2. ICAP aims to provide sustainable cooling while keeping in mind, at the same time, the need to protect the ozone layer.
  3. India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) aims to assess the cooling requirements and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use across sectors in next 30 years.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 and 2 only

b). 2 only

c). 2 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer:  b)

 


 

Topic: RBI Comes Up With Review of Guidelines for White Label ATMs In India

 

RBI Comes Up With Review of Guidelines for White Label ATMs In India

Why in news?

The Reserve Bank recently relaxed norms for white label ATM (WLA) operators and allowed them to buy wholesale cash directly from the central bank.

 

More about on guidelines:

  • The bank noted that according to the representations received from stakeholders and also to enhance the viability of WLAs.
  • It has been decided to allow the WLA Operators to buy wholesale cash, above a threshold of 1 lakh pieces (and in multiples thereof) of any denomination, directly from the Reserve Bank (Issue Offices) and Currency Chests against full payment.
  • The central bank has also allowed the operators to source cash from any scheduled bank, including Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks.
  • The RBI has further allowed operators to offer bill payment and Interoperable Cash Deposit services, subject to technical feasibility and certification by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
  • The display advertisements pertaining to non-financial products / services anywhere within the WLA premises, including the WLA screen, except the main signboard has also been allowed.
  • The bank noted that it shall be ensured that the advertisements running on the screen disappear once the customer commences a transaction.
  • The permission to WLA Operators to source cash from retail outlets, accorded vide circular dated December 30, 2016, stands repealed.
  • Banks may issue co-branded ATM cards in partnership with the authorized WLA Operators and may extend the benefit of ‘on-us’ transactions to their WLAs as well.
  • All guidelines, safeguards, standards and control measures applicable to banks relating to currency handling, and cyber-security framework for ATMs, shall also be applicable to the WLA Operators.

 

White Label ATMs (WLAs):

  • Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) set up, owned and operated by non-bank entities are called “White Label ATMs” (WLAs).
  • They provide the banking services to the customers of banks in India, based on the cards (debit/credit/prepaid) issued by banks.

Focus on Financial Inclusion

 

Background and Objectives:

  • Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) provide the facility of accessing depositor’s accounts for dispensing cash and to carry out other financial and non-financial transactions without the need for actually visiting their bank branch.
  • ATMs have expanded the scope of banking to anytime, anywhere banking through interoperable platforms.
  • Cards issued by one bank can be operated through the ATMs set up by other banks.
  • Prior to WLAs only banks were permitted by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), to set up ATMs.
  • However, ATMs have become the means for financial inclusion and have been leveraged for delivery of a wide variety of banking services to customers.

 

National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI):

  • National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is an umbrella organization for all retail payments system in India.
  • It was set up with the guidance and support of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Indian Banks’ Association (IBA).
  • It was incorporated as a Section 25 company under Companies Act 1956 (now Section 8 of Companies Act 2013) and is aimed to operate for the benefit of all the member banks and their customers.
  • It has successfully played pioneering role in development of a domestic card payment network called RuPay, reducing the dependency on international card schemes.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to White label-ATM, consider the following statements

  1. White label ATMs can carry the label of any bank
  2. These are operated by non-banking financial companies
  3. Customers of any bank can use these ATMs

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 1 and 2 only

d). All of the above

Answer: b)

 


 

Topic: India launches 3rd IT corridor in China

 

India launches 3rd IT corridor in China

Why in news?

India has launched its third IT corridor in China that will facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese companies.

 

More about on news:

  • The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) entered into a partnership with China’s Xuzhou city from Jiangsu Province in China to help develop the IT corridor.
  • The IT industry body has already launched such corridors at Dalian and Guiyang cities to cash in on the burgeoning Chinese IT industry market.
  • Through its previous similar initiatives in China, NASSCOM has brought to the fore opportunities with over 300 companies where more than 10 Indian SME companies have signed deals worth 31 Million RMB (USD 4.5 million).
  • The previous IT corridors in Dalian and Guiyang have already sprung up opportunities to the tune of 24 Million RMB (USD 4.6 million) and 62 Million RMB (USD 8.9 million) respectively.
  • The first two corridors have paved the way for cooperation in co-create mode in the emerging technologies such as AI, IoT and Analytics in the Chinese market.

 

Objectives:

  • The primary aim of this IT corridor will be to facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese companies
  • It will enable Indian software and service industry associations to enter Chinese market and seize development opportunities in China.

 

Benefits:

  • This will facilitate match-making between Indian companies wanting to collaborate with companies in Huai Hai economic zone looking.
  • This partnership will help create more jobs in Xuzhou and India and facilitating talent transfer between the two countries.
  • It will also inject strong momentum into the development of the Xuzhou software service outsourcing industry.
  • Through this partnership, the platform will be launched that will facilitate match-making between Indian companies wanting to collaborate with companies in Huai Hai economic zone looking to adopt digital transformation from verticals such as manufacturing, retail, automotive, healthcare and utilities and help them create innovative product and solutions in the co-create mode.
  • IT Corridor at Xuzhou has potential to fill the critical institutional void of software support for small and medium size industries in their own language.

 

About NASSCOM:

  • The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a non-profit global trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry.
  • it was established in 1988 with over 1500 members, of which over 250 are companies from the US, UK, EU, Japan and China.
  • NASSCOM facilitates business and trade in software and services and encourages the advancement of research in software technology.
  • It is registered under the Indian Societies Act, 1860.
  • NASSCOM is headquartered in New Delhi, India with regional offices in the cities of Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune and Kolkata.

 

Roles include:

  • Set Strategic direction for industry
  • Policy advocacy for Industry growth.
  • Best practices, sharing & collaboration
  • International partnerships & affiliation
  • Workforce development
  • Sustainability

 

Sample Question:

Recently India has launched its third IT corridor in China, with respect to that consider the following statements

  1. The primary aim of this IT corridor is to facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese companies.
  2. The first two corridors had enabled cooperation in co-create mode in the emerging technologies such as AI, IoT and Analytics in the Chinese market.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c)

 


 

Topic: Cabinet approves National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage

 

Cabinet approves National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage

Why in news?

India’s Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has approved the ‘National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage’, with a focus on local manufacturing across the whole supply chain for electric vehicles (EV) including battery and cell manufacturing.

 

More about on news:

  • Setting up of a National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage, to drive clean, connected, shared, sustainable and holistic mobility initiatives.
  • Phased Manufacturing Programme (PMP) valid for 5 years till 2024 to support setting up of a few large-scale, export-competitive integrated batteries and cell-manufacturing Giga plants in India.
  • Creation of a PMP valid for 5 years till 2024 to localize production across the entire Electric Vehicles value chain.
  • Both PMP schemes will be finalized by the National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage.

 

Composition:

  • The multi-disciplinary “National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage” with an Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee will be chaired by CEO NITI Aayog.
  • The Steering Committee will be comprised of Secretaries from Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Heavy Industry, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, and Director General, Bureau of Industrial Standards.

 

Role:

  • The Mission will recommend and drive the strategies for transformative mobility and Phased Manufacturing Programmes for EVs, EV Components and Batteries.
  • A Phased Manufacturing Program (PMP) will be launched to localize production across the entire EV value chain. The National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage will determine the contours of PMP, and will finalize the details of such a program.
  • The details of the value addition that can be achieved with each phase of localization will be finalized by the Mission with a clear Make in India strategy for the electric vehicle components as well as battery.
  • The Mission will coordinate with key stakeholders in Ministries/ Departments and the states to integrate various initiatives to transform mobility in India.

 

Roadmaps:

  • A phased roadmap to implement battery manufacturing at Giga-scale will be considered with initial focus on large-scale module and pack assembly plants by 2019-20, followed by integrated cell manufacturing by 2021-22.
  • Details of the PMP for Batteries shall be formulated by the Mission. The Mission will ensure holistic and comprehensive growth of the battery manufacturing industry in India.
  • The Mission will prepare the necessary roadmap that will enable India to leverage upon its size and scale to produce innovative, competitive multi-modal mobility solutions that can be deployed globally in diverse contexts.
  • The Mission will define the roadmap for transformative mobility in “New India” by introducing a sustainable mobility ecosystem and fostering Make-in-India to boost domestic manufacturing and employment generation in the country.

 

Impact:

  • The Mission will drive mobility solutions that will bring in significant benefits to the industry, economy and country.
  • These solutions will help improve air quality in cities along with reducing India’s oil import dependence and enhance the uptake of renewable energy and storage solutions.
  • The Mission will lay down the strategy and roadmap which will enable India to leverage upon its size and scale to develop a competitive domestic manufacturing ecosystem for electric mobility.
  • The actions in this regard will benefit all citizens as the aim is to promote ‘Ease of Living’ and enhance the quality of life of our citizens and also provide employment opportunities through ‘Make-in-India’ across a range of skillsets.

 

Background:

  • During the Global Mobility Summit held in September 2018, Prime Minister had outlined the vision for the future of mobility in India based on 7 C’s which are Common, Connected, Convenient, Congestion-free, Charged, Clean   and Cutting-edge mobility.
  • Mobility has the potential to drive the economy forward and positively impact the lives of citizens both in urban and rural areas.
  • Affordable, accessible, inclusive and safe mobility solutions are primary strategic levers for rapid economic development and improving ‘Ease of Living’. Shared, connected and clean mobility solutions are increasingly becoming the key principles of effective mobility solutions across the world.
  • Given its commitment to climate goals, India needs to adopt effective strategies to place itself as a key driver of the mobility revolution in the world.

 

Sample Question:

With respect to National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage, consider the following statements

  1. The Mission will recommend and drive the strategies for transformative mobility and Phased Manufacturing Programmes for Electric Vehicles, EV Components and Batteries.
  2. The Mission will have an Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee chaired by Chief Executive Officer (CEO), NITI Aayog to promote clean, connected, shared, sustainable and holistic mobility initiatives.
  3. The Mission will have a ‘Make in India’ strategy for EV components as well as battery technologies.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 and 2 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 1 and 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d) 

 


 

Topic: Arecanut gets its first GI tag for ‘Sirsi Supari’

 

Arecanut gets its first GI tag for ‘Sirsi Supari’

Why in news?

For the first time in the arecanut sector, ‘Sirsi Supari’ grown in Uttara Kannada has received the Geographic Indication (GI) tag. It is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks.

 

More about on news:

  • Totgars’ Cooperative Sale Society Ltd., Sirsi, is the registered proprietor of the GI.
  • The Registrar of Geographical Indications, under the Union government, Chennai issued the certificate to the society on March 4, 2019.
  • Its GI number is 464.
  • According to it, the particular arecanut “is medium in size, somewhat flat and rounded in shape, somewhat ash coloured, and has a hard seed.”
  • The arecanut grown in these taluks have unique features like a round and flattened coin shape, particular texture, size, cross-sectional views, taste, etc.
  • These features are not seen in arecanut grown in any other regions. Its average dry weight is 7.5 g and average thickness is 16 mm.

 

About Sirsi Supari:

  • The ‘Sirsi Supari’ is grown in Sirsi, Siddpaur and Yellapur taluks of Uttara Kannada district in Karnataka.
  • Production of arecanut in these three taluks is around 7 percent of the total arecanut production in Karnataka.
  • The GI tag will guarantee the authenticity of arecanut grown in these taluks, and ensure a better market.
  • Grown on an area of around 40,000 acres, the annual production of ‘Sirsi Supari’ is estimated to be around 40,000 tonnes.
  • Sirsi Supari is medium sized, round in shape and has ash coloured hard seed.
  • The fruit of Sirsi Supari turns from yellow to red upon ripening.
  • The fruit consists of a thick fibrous husk that encloses this seed.
  • The Sirsi Supari of Karnataka tastes differently in comparison to the supari grown in other parts of the country due to the differences in the different chemical composition of different arecanuts.

 

Geographical Indications in India:

  • A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
  • Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and Tirupati Laddus are some of the GIs.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, and the Geneva Act.

 

Sample Question:

Recently Arecanut gets its first GI tag for ‘Sirsi Supari’, with respect to that consider the following statements

  1. It is cultivated in Yellapura, Siddapura and Sirsi taluks.
  2. The fruit of Sirsi Supari turns from yellow to red upon ripening.
  3. The arecanut grown in these taluks have unique features like a round and flattened coin shape, particular texture, size, cross-sectional views, taste, etc.

Choose the correct answer from the above

a). 1 only

b). 2 and 3 only

c). 3 only

d). All of the above

Answer: d)

 


Info graphic Summary


Weekly Current Affairs Prelims - Info graphics - Mar13th